India

India, officially the Republic of India (Bhārat  Ganarājya) is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by area, the second-most populous   country (with over 1.2 billion people), and the most populous democracy in the world. It is bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal on the southeast. It shares land borders with Pakistan to the west; China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the northeast; and Myanmar (Burma) and Bangladesh to the east. In the Indian Ocean, India is in the vicinity of  Sri Lanka and the Maldives. India’s Andaman   Nicobar Islands  share a maritime border with Thailand and Indonesia.

Horizontal tricolor flag bearing, from top to bottom, deep saffron, white, and green horizontal bands. In the centre of the white band is a navy-blue wheel with 24 spokes.

The Indian subcontinent was home to the urban Indus Valley Ci vilisation of the 3rd millennium CBSE — one of the world’s earliest civilizations. In the following millennium, the oldest scriptures associated with Hinduism began to be composed. Social stratification, based on caste, emerged in the first millennium CBSE and Buddhism and Jainism arose. Early political consolidations took place under the Maurya and Gupta empires; the later peninsular Middle Kingdoms influenced cultures as far as Southeast Asia. In the medieval era, Judaism, Zoroastrianism, Christianity

 

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