My mother is an affectionate and pious lady. She loves me very much. I love her, too. She takes care of all of us. She gets up early in the morning, makes our breakfast, lunch and dinner with her own hands. She looks after the cleanliness of the house and furniture, and also our clothes and health.she  teaches in a school.

When I fall sick, my mother passes sleepless nights by the side of my sick bed. Her anxiety and her fear disappear after my recovery from illness. In my eyes, she is really an ideal mother.

My mother has taught me the importance of discipline, good manners, honesty, sense of duty and reverence towards the elders in life. She also Image result for my lovingly momtaught me to defend and help the poor and the weak, and lodge a protest against injustice.

When I was just a child, my mother used to tell me many oriental and mythological tales. When I grew up a little, she taught me how to read and write. Even to this day, she helps me to prepare my homework given by my class teacher.

In every matter of my life, I depend on my mother’s help and guidance: Her blessings are always with me.

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Video for how to make a ice cream stick gun that shoots rubber bands                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   MY 2 MISSION
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Why Friends Are Important?

We all know how friendship is important and how friends become a significant part of our lives. They make our lives interesting and wonderful. Beyond doubt, one of the major benefits of having friends is that they improve our lives. They help us develop a sense of sharing be it tangible things or just inspirational or motivational words of wisdom. And usually a friend can be casual, close, best or a role model for most of us. Some friends may even be closer to you when compared to some of the others, for example like a best friend or a motivator. Friends often give you a shoulder to cry on when you need emotional support.Your close buddies help you celebrate life when it is good, while they also give you support even during your bad times. Without friends, life can be boring as they contribute to one’s happiness in a fulfilling way.

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james potter

James Potter (27 March[1]1960 – 31 October1981), also known as Prongs, was a pure-blood[3][4] wizard and the only son of Fleamontand Euphemia Potter.[10] He attended Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry from 19711978, and was sorted into Gryffindor. When James started at Hogwarts, he met and became best friends with three fellow Gryffindor students: Remus LupinSirius Black, and Peter Pettigrew. He also met Severus Snape, a Slytherin student with whom he became bitter rivals. During his seventh year, James was appointed Head Boy and began dating Lily Evans.

After graduating from Hogwarts, he married Lily and together they had a son, Harry James Potter, of whom he made Sirius Black the godfather. James, Lily, and their friends all fought in the First Wizarding War as members of the Order of the Phoenix; he and his wife defied Lord Voldemort three times. However, James and Lily were forced to go into hiding after a prophecy was made concerning Voldemort and their infant son. James and Lily were ultimately betrayed to Voldemort by one of their close friends (Peter Pettigrew).

As a result of this, James was tragically murdered by Voldemort on Hallowe’en in 1981, along with his wife while they were trying to protect their infant son.

James briefly appeared again in May 1998 through the Resurrection Stone. He appeared through it along with Lily (his wife) and Sirius Black and Remus Lupin (his friends). After the Second Wizarding War, James posthumously had three grandchildren through his son: James SiriusAlbus Severus, and Lily Luna Potter, the first of whom was named after his grandfather.


Early life (1960-1971)

They had quite given up hope of a son or daughter when, to their shock and surprise, Euphemia found that she was pregnant and their beloved boy, James, was born.
—James is born to Fleamont and Euphemia Potter[src]

James Potter was born on 27 March1960 into a pure-blood wizarding family of considerable wealth. His parents, Fleamont and Euphemia, were elderly even by wizarding standards.[10] Since he was their only child, and had such a late arrival in their lives, James’ parents pampered him a great deal. Hence, it was no surprise that he grew to be proud, arrogant, and boastful, but deep down still a good person.[13]

Hogwarts years (1971-1978)

Sirius Black: “Where are you heading, if you’ve got the choice?
James: “‘Gryffindor, where dwell the brave at heart!’ Like my dad… Got a problem with that?
Severus Snape: “No. If you’d rather be brawny than brainy…
— James’s first meeting with Sirius and Snape[src]
1971 sorting

James after being Sorted into Gryffindor sitting next to Lily Evans

James started his first year at Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry in 1971 and was Sorted into Gryffindor house. While there, he befriended fellow Gryffindors Sirius BlackRemus Lupin, and Peter Pettigrew, and together they formed a small gang known only to themselves as the Marauders. Though more mischievous than diligent, James proved to be a clever student. At some point during his education he became Chaser for his house’s Quidditch team, in which he was completely aware of his talent. It is possible that he also collected Chocolate Frog Cards, as at an unknown time, the History of Magic teacherProfessor Cuthbert Binns, gave him the Circe card, which later came into the possession of Quirinus Quirrell, who kept it in Gringotts Wizarding Bank in Vault 998.[14]


The Marauders in their Animagus forms

As second years, James, Sirius, and Peter figured out that Remus was a werewolf, but rather than abandoning him (James, in particular, insisted this monthly hazard did not mean Remus was truly abnormal), they spent three years learning to become Animagi in order to accompany Remus in his transformations. In his fifth year, James managed to perfect the transformation and become a stag Animagus, which earned him the nickname “Prongs”. Using their new nicknames, the four friends created the Marauder’s Map, which displayed the Hogwarts Castle area and everyone within it —including all staff, ghosts and students — in their current location at a given time, and thus made sneaking out of the castle and avoiding teachers much easier.[15]

For the vast majority of his time at school, James was somewhat an obnoxious youth with a love of showing off and exceptional self-confidence that bordered on arrogance. Snape once said that he was so arrogant that “criticism simply bounced off him”. This rebellious attitude was notably shaped by the negative qualities he developed. Such as the habit of ruffling his hair to make it even untidier to look as though he had just alighted from his broomstick. Also hexing innocent students for no other reason than because he could (especially Severus Snape) a Slytherin in the same year as him. These quailities came about as a result of his pampered and spoiled upbringing.

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James being obnoxious and bullying other students and trying to capture Lily’s attention

James and Snape had a strong rivalry throughout their time at Hogwarts. To Remus and Sirius, the reason this rivalry began was due to Snape’s jealousy over James’ talent at Quidditch and his popularity, as well as Snape’s interest in the Dark Arts, which James despised. However, it was later revealed that James and Sirius had gotten off on the wrong foot with Snape from the beginning: when they first met Snape during their first year on the Hogwarts Express, they insulted him (setting a solid foundation for rivalry), and their further interactions only served to make their rivalry intense and permanent — Snape followed the Marauders around, looking for reasons to get them expelled. James, in turn, used the hexes Snape himself had made up against him.[16]

At some point in their school years, Snape grew very interested in where Remus went every month, and saw Madam Pomfrey and Remus going to the Shrieking Shack using a secret passage under the Whomping Willow. Sirius had, for reasons unknown, told him that the trick to getting past the Whomping Willow was to poke the knot at the bottom. Snape followed Sirius’s directions, and was nearly at the Shrieking Shack when James pulled him back. At great risk to his own life, James saved Severus from certain death at the claws of the werewolf Remus, but Snape adamantly refused to believe that his old rival would have done him a favour, believing that James had only saved him in order to avoid expulsion, and despised being in his debt.

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The Marauders bullying Snape in their fifth year

James spent much of his academic career chasing after Lily Evans, an attractive Muggle-born fellow Gryffindor from Snape’s hometown of Cokeworth who was secretly Snape’s best friend and childhood crush since before they both started at Hogwarts. Lily was perhaps the only student in the school, aside from Snape, who was completely unimpressed by James, considering him arrogant and obnoxious. She once demanded James to quit jinxing Snape. The former and his friends were in the middle of bullying, with a spell of Snape’s own invention. Lily told him to stop and James responded with, “I will if you’ll go out with me, Evans.” When James took the jinx off, Snape in his humiliation and anger, called Lily a “filthy little Mudblood.” James demanded him to apologise, but Lily responded that James was as bad as Snape and she would not date him “even if it were a choice between him and the Giant Squid“.[16] Snape’s friendship with the vivacious and pretty Lily may have sparked envy in James and further fuelled the hateful enmity between the two.[13]


The Marauders in their final years at Hogwarts

At the age of sixteen, James’s parents allowed Sirius to move in with them so he could escape his own horrible family, and Sirius soon became an unofficial member of their family. By his seventh year, James had lost the less savoury aspects of his personality, and was even appointed Head Boy, despite the fact that he had not been a prefect. He also finally managed to impress Lily Evans, and began dating her at this time. He stopped hexing bystanders for fun, though he still secretly hexed Snape, and in turn, Snape never lost an opportunity to hex him back.[16]

In late 1977, Lily and James had a disastrous first meeting with Lily’s sister Petunia Evans and her then-fiancé, Vernon Dursley, which presumably took place over Christmas break, as they were both still at Hogwarts. When Vernon tried to impress James with his car, the wizard in turn boasted of his own material wealth, and a row ensued. The evening ended with both Vernon and Petunia storming out of the restaurant and Lily bursting into tears, with James promising he’d apologise and make it up (which, due to his and Lily’s untimely deaths, never happened). Petunia was married by the end of 1977. Though Lily and James were invited to the wedding, Petunia refused to have Lily as a bridesmaid, upsetting her deeply. At the reception, Vernon would not talk to James, but described him as “some magician” within his earshot.[17]

First Wizarding War (1978-1981)

Marriage and Order

I think you’re like James, who would have regarded it as the height of dishonour to mistrust his friends.
—Remus Lupin comparing Harry Potter to his father[src]

James and his wife as members of the original Order of the Phoenix

After graduation, at only eighteen years old, James married Lily Evans and Sirius served as their best man at the wedding. The three of them (along with Remus and Peter) joined the Order of the Phoenix, in the fight against Lord Voldemort and his Death Eaters.

In 1977, he and Sirius were involved in a motorbike chase with two Muggle policemen. Although the chase started off as a bit of fun, it turned slightly more serious when the pair were attacked by three men on broomsticks. Sirius and James used their wands to raise the police car that had been chasing them, and their attackers crashed into it.[18] During the course of the next three years, James and Lily defied the Dark Lord three times as the war continued. The first was when they refused to join Voldemort’s side when he attempted to recruit them.[19]

At some point between 1979 and 1980, James’ parents died of Dragon Pox, and he inherited the vast Potter family fortune from them, which enabled him to comfortably support his family without the need for a paying job. James also used his wealth to support Remus, who was unemployable due to his status as a werewolf.[20]

Life in hiding and death

The green light filled the cramped hallway, it lit the pram pushed against the wall, it made the banisters glow like lighting rods, and James Potter fell like a marionette whose strings were cut….
—Lord Voldemort murdering James with the Killing Curse[src]

James with his wife and infant son

In the autumn of 1979, Lily became pregnant, which caused her and her husband to go into hiding.

On 31 July1980, Lily gave birth to their son, Harry James Potter, but it was not long before Albus Dumbledore found out that they were in the gravest of dangers: Harry had become a target of Lord Voldemort himself due to a prophecy concerning the one who could ultimately defeat him for good.[16] Voldemort had learned of the prophecy through his follower, who was none other than a bitter old enemy of James as well as the former best friend of Lily: Snape.

In 1981, Dumbledore told the Potters that their best chance of remaining safe against Voldemort was the Fidelius Charm. James insisted on using Sirius as their Secret-Keeper, even though Dumbledore himself had offered to fill the position.[15] However, Sirius had a different plan — he convinced James and Lily to use Peter as their Secret-Keeper instead, with him (Sirius) as a decoy. They agreed and Dumbledore cast the charm in secret, but this attempt at a double-bluff ended in tragedy. The only people to know about the switch were James, Lily, Sirius, and Peter. Even Albus and Remus were kept in the dark. Less than a week later, Peter betrayed the Potters to Voldemort.[21]

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A deceased James after being murdered by Lord Voldemort

When the Dark Lord arrived at Godric’s Hollow on Hallowe’en in 1981, James told Lily to take Harry and run. After his wife and son were out of the room, he stood to face the most dangerous Dark wizard of all time on his own, in order to give his wife and child time to escape the cottage. However, James had made a fatal mistake; he had left his wand in the living room, where he had been entertaining his young son with it before Voldemort’s arrival. Voldemort effortlessly murdered him with the Killing Curse — James “fell like a marionette whose strings were cut“.[9] Voldemort then proceeded upstairs to where Lily and the infant Harry were hiding. Voldemort murdered Lily who died protecting Harry, but thanks to her loving sacrifice, the Killing Curse Voldemort cast at Harry rebounded and destroyed the Dark Lord’s body leaving Harry with only a lightning-bolt scar. Thus, Harry became known as “the Boy Who Lived” and whose name would be famous.[22]


Harry Potter: “You’ll stay with me?
James: “Until the very end.
— Harry speaks to his parents through the Resurrection Stone[src]

After James’ and Lily’s deaths, their son was raised by Lily’s unloving sister, Petunia Dursley, and her grumpy husband, Vernon, along with their glutton of a son, Dudley. Despite not remembering his parents, Harry held them in high esteem. This faltered slightly where his father was concerned. He learned that James had been something of a bully in his youth, witnessing a memory of Snape’s, in which James and Sirius picked on and humiliated Snape simply because they were bored.[16] Snape, who switched sides after Lily’s death and became Potionsprofessor at Hogwarts, treated Harry with disdain throughout his academic career, perceiving him to be “arrogant as his father, a determined rule-breaker… attention-seeking and impertinent“.[9] In revenge he frequently bullied and humiliated Harry.


James and Lily as seen by Harry in the Mirror of Erised

Harry saw a vision of his parents in the Mirror of Erised in 1991.[23]About three-and-a-half years later, on 24 June 1995 while duelling with Voldemort in the Little Hangleton graveyard, Harry experienced Priori Incantatem; shades of his mother and father, and others which Voldemort’s wand had murdered, came out of Voldemort’s wand to help Harry in his escape from the graveyard.[24] In 1996, Harry also witnessed a memory of James viciously humiliating Snape back when they were Hogwarts students. James had suspended Snape in the air and went as far as taking Snape’s trousers off in front of a large crowd of students.[25] Harry was disgusted by James’ additude.

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Harry temporarily brings back his family and friends with the Resurrection Stone

In 1998, Harry learned he was a Horcrux of Voldemort’s, and walked toward his death in the Forbidden Forest. Upon entering, he used the Resurrection Stone to summon James and others who had perished in the war against Voldemort. James and Lily told Harry that they were tremendously proud of him, proud of his outstanding courage and strength, and assured him that they would stay with him until the very end. Harry described their very presence as his courage, the reason he was able to keep putting one foot in front of the other, with Lily smiling at him, and James nodding in encouragement.[26]

Harry eventually named his eldest child after his late father. James would gain two more grandchildren in Albus Severus and Lily Luna Potter.

Physical appearance


James before his death

James was a tall, thin man with hazel eyes and untidy black hair that stuck up at the back.[8][7] During his Hogwarts years, he had an indefinable air of having been well cared for and even adored. As late as his fifth year, he started wearing glasses, though he had not in his first year.

His son, Harry, was constantly noted to look very much like him, having the same untidy hair, thin face, mouth, eyebrows, and even hands. However, as observed by Harry in Snape’s worst memory, James’ nose was slightly longer than his son’s.

In his animagus form, James was a tall and powerful red stag, large enough to subdue an adolescent werewolf alongside Sirius’ bear-like black dog form.

Personality and traits

Severus Snape: “He fancies you, James Potter fancies you! And he’s not… everyone thinks… big Quidditch hero —
Lily Evans: “I know James Potter’s an arrogant toerag. I don’t need you to tell me that.
— Snape and Lily discussing James in their fifth year[src]

James was a clever and talented wizard, but very mischievous in his youth. He was arrogant and boastful, and occasionally bullied and jinxed other students just for fun, particularly his long-time rival, Severus Snape. However, even in this stage of arrogance, he still displayed some positive qualities of character. Despite being a pure-blood, he strongly disagreed with the concept of blood purity and was disgusted with any prejudice towards Muggle-borns, and did not hold prejudice towards werewolves (such as Remus Lupin, who was one of his dearest friends). This loyalty would extend to his adulthood when he used his wealth to support the unemployable Remus.[16] Snape would later point out that James was lazy.[27]

James ultimately matured and changed his ways; he lost some of his arrogance and stopped hexing other people just for fun. He became enough of a responsible student and leader to be Head Boy in his final year, and later a member of the original Order of the Phoenix. Though he never completely lost his rebellious side, it was clear James had left Hogwarts a far better person than he had been upon entering it.

His best quality was his willingness to sacrifice himself for his wife and son, as demonstrated when he told Lily to take Harry and run while he held off Voldemort, proving himself to be a true Gryffindor.[16]

Magical abilities and skills

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James’s stag Patronus and Animagus form

You know, Harry, I think you would have given your father a run for his money, and that is saying something.
Remus Lupin regarding James’ and Harry’s talent[src]

Since James was once asked by Voldemort to join his Death Eaters, it can be deduced that he was a very powerful wizard. James was able to conjure a corporeal stag Patronus (a mark of superior magical ability[28]). One of his dearest friends, Remus Lupin, also stated that he had been one of the cleverest Hogwarts students of his time.

  • Animagus: James was able to become an Animagus at the early age of fifteen, assuming the form of a stag. His unregistered status allowed him to use the ability to his advantage, as he was able to visit and even keep Remus company during his monthly transformations.
  • Transfiguration: James’ wand was said to be “excellent for Transfiguration”. He was able to achieve Animagus transformation at the age of fifteen, which was a testament to his extraordinary talent in the subject, given that the Animagus transformation was a very difficult branch of magic which, as Remus put it, “could go horribly wrong”.
You play as good as your father did, Harry.
Sirius Black to Harry Potter regarding his flying talents[src]
  • Quidditch: James was an accomplished Quidditch player, playing Chaser for the Gryffindor Quidditch team during his school years.[29] He was noted to have excellent reflexes, as seen when playing with a Snitch he had taken from the Quidditch supplies.
  • Duelling: James was a skilful duelist. He, along with Lily and the Order of the Phoenix, was able to defy Voldemort himself three times, showcasing his incredible talent in martial magic. However, when James and Voldemort met for the fourth time, he was killed quickly due to the fact that he did not have his wand. James’ martial talents extended to his animagus form, as he was able to help Sirius in subduing their friend Remus during his monthly transformations. Given the large stature of a red stag, James clearly had masterful control over his animal form, as his antlers would have been extremely dangerous to use in such a confined space when handling an adolescent werewolf and Sirius’s dog form without critically injuring either of them.
  • Charms: James was talented in Charms from a young age, since he and his most intimate friends (Remus, Sirius, and Peter) managed to create the magically-complex Marauder’s Map as teenagers. James was also able to cast the highly advanced Patronus Charm: conjuring a corporeal Patronus whose form was identical with his Animagus form, a stag.[11]
  • Potions: James also had advanced potions skills, as becoming an Animagus requires the wizard to brew a complex potion.[30]


Inside were mounds of gold coins. Columns of silver. Heaps of little bronze Knuts.
—Description of the Potter fortune[src]
  • Potter Inheritance: When James’ parents died, they left him a small fortune that he would later pass on to his son, Harry.
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James Potter’s wand

  • Wand: James’s wand was 11″ long, mahogany, and had an unknown core. The wand was described as “pliable”, slightly more powerful than Lily’s wand, and “excellent for Transfiguration“, which would later come in handy.
  • Invisibility Cloak: James owned the invisibility cloak (actually one of the fabled Deathly Hallows) that he and his friends often used during their days at Hogwartsto assist them in their mischief. Albus Dumbledore had the cloak prior to James’s death and later passed it down to Harry.

The Marauder’s Map

  • Marauder’s Map: The map was created by the Marauders between 1975 and 1978. It is a magical document that reveals all of Hogwarts. Not only does it show every classroom, every hallway, and every corner of the castle, but it also shows every inch of the grounds, as well as all the secret passages that are hidden within its walls and the location of every person in the grounds, portrayed by a dot. However, the Room of Requirement is not visible on the map, being the only known area of the castle not to be seen on the Map, other than the Chamber of Secrets.
  • Two-way mirror: James owned this mirror during his school years; he and Sirius Black used a pair of two-way mirrors so they could talk to each other while they were in separate detentions. Sirius later gave James’s mirror to Harry in 1996.
  • Potter Cottage: James owned cottage in Godric’s Hallow along with his wife Lily, during the final weeks of the First Wizarding War. This is where he and his wife were murdered and his son Harry was marked as the “Boy Who Lived”. The cottage still stands as a reminder of what happened that Hallowe’en night in 1981.
  • Cat: This was a pet of the Potter family. What happened to it after the attack is unknown.




James was born into a very wealthy pure-blood family. He had an excellent relationship with his parents, who loved him very much. His father was Sorted in Gryffindor and used to tell him about how the house prized bravery and boldness above all other qualities. James’ parents were on the older side when he was born and died before he was murdered in 1981.[13]

Vernon Dursley

James’s first meeting with Vernon Dursley went badly. Vernon asked James what car he drove, but James described his racing broom, thus Vernon started patronising him and finally offended James by supposing out loud that wizards had to live on unemployment benefit. Having heard from the wizard that he had a fortune in solid gold, he grew angry and stormed out of restaurant, where they had met with their wives. After that Vernon refused to talk with James, but described him, within James’ earshot, as “some kind of amateur magician“.[17]

Lily Evans

Messing up your hair because you think it looks cool to look like you’ve just got off your broomstick, showing off with that  Snitch, walking down corridors and hexing anyone who annoys you just because you can — I’m surprised your broomstick can get off the ground with that head on it. You make me SICK.
—Lily’s negative opinion of James’ character[src]
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Lily Evans, his wife and mother of his son

James’s relationship with Lily Evans was initially a rocky one. While James was a popular student and talented Quidditch player, well-liked by most, Lily was unimpressed with him; this had to do with James’ hostile relationship with her best friend, Severus Snape, and because of James’ bad habit of hexing innocent students just for the fun of it.

James had developed romantic feelings for Lily by his fifth year. He was always going out of his way to try to impress her, only to end up making a fool out of himself most of the time. She still regarded him as an arrogant bully, treating him with absolute disdain. In their seventh year, however, Lily was finally willing to go out with James, after he smoothed out and stopped hexing people for the fun of it (though she was unaware he still hexed Snape).

The two were Head Boy and Head Girl at Hogwarts and married soon after graduation. James and Lily were both members of the Order of the Phoenix, and together defied Voldemort himself three times. Their son, Harry James Potter, was born on 31 July1980.

Harry Potter

Harry, you are so loved. Mama loves you. Dada loves you. Harry, be safe. Be strong.
Lily Potter‘s final words of support[src]
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Harry Potter, his son and only child

Harry was born to James and Lily Potter on 31 July1980, they loved their son more than anything. On Hallowe’en night in 1981 they sacrificed themselves at 21 years old, in order to save him from Lord Voldemort, when he was just an infant. Albus Dumbledore always maintained that Harry’s love for his parents and the love they had in return for him, was his greatest power.

Harry regarded his parents with great reverence, and fiercely defended their memories. In 1995, he punched Draco Malfoy for insulting his mother and he frequently became furious with Professor Snape, who taunted Harry that James was not the great man others made him out to be. Snape was to Harry’s horror, proven right in the spring of 1996, when Harry accidentally witnessed James bullying Snape in one of his memories during Harry’s Occlumency lessons (via Albus Dumbledore’s Pensieve). However, Remus Lupin and Sirius Black assured him that his father was no longer the bully that he once was. He matured and changed his ways, or he would never have become Head Boy and his mother would have never agreed to go out with him, let alone fall in love and marry him.

Lily Evans: “You’ve been so brave.
James: “You are nearly there. Very close. We are… so proud of you.
— Harry’s parents speaking to him through the Resurrection Stone[src]

James with his infant son Harry

The few times Harry ever saw his parents were through pictures given to him by Rubeus Hagrid, a vision within the Mirror of Erised, spectral forms which came out of Voldemort’s wand during Priori Incantatem, stored memories within the Pensieve, and again as spectral forms when he “recalled” them during the Battle of Hogwarts, by using the Resurrection Stone. His spirit was described as “exactly the same height as Harry. He was wearing the clothes in which he had died, and his hair was untidy and ruffled, and his glasses were a little lopsided, like Mr Weasley‘s, a loving smile on his face“. Both James and Lily told their son that they were tremendously proud of him, for being so brave and strong despite all the pain and suffering he had to endure, and provided him with the support he needed to sacrifice himself to Voldemort.

It’s also seen that James calls Harry by a name of affection, he has on different occasions referred to him as “son“. Harry eventually named two of his children after his late parents and godfather, James Sirius and Lily Luna Potter.


Sirius Black: “That was a noble thing you did back there. He doesn’t deserve it.
Harry Potter: “Well, I just didn’t think my dad would’ve wanted his two best friends to become killers.
— Sirius and Harry after the latter stopped him and Remus from killing Pettigrew[src]

The Marauders, his best friends

While at Hogwarts, James became the very best of friends with Sirius BlackRemus Lupin, and Peter Pettigrew, and the group called themselves “the Marauders”. He met Sirius on the Hogwarts Express in their first year, and they seemed to bond quickly. In their second year, when the group discovered that Remus was a werewolf, they refused to ostracise him, as most would, instead learning to become Animagi in order to keep him company during his transformations. James insisted that Remus was not abnormal because of his condition, and later used his wealth to support Remus when anti-werewolf legislation made it difficult for him to get a job.

The four friends enjoyed untold popularity while at school and particularly liked playing pranks together; they also invented the Marauder’s Map and all joined the Order of the Phoenix, after graduating from Hogwarts. Although he was very close to all of his friends, James was probably closest to Sirius, whom he loved as a brother and who moved in with James and his parents after running away from home at age sixteen. James also chose Sirius as his best man at his wedding to Lily, as well as his son’s godfather. When the Potters became Lord Voldemort‘s targets in 1981, James was adamant about Sirius being their Secret-Keeper, though he agreed to Sirius’s plan to make Peter the Secret-Keeper instead, to throw off the enemy. James’s unshakeable trust in his friends would be his undoing, as Pettigrew betrayed him, his wife, and his son to Voldemort. This betrayal was something Sirius and Remus later attempted to him for. The only thing that stopped them was Harry, who thought that his father would not want his best friends to become killers just for a traitor. Dumbledore later assured Harry that his belief had been right, saying that he knew James very well, both at Hogwarts and later and he was perfectly sure that James would have saved Pettigrew as well.

The ending to the three Marauders who had stayed true to their friendship to the very end — James, Sirius, and Remus — was bittersweet: though they all lost their lives to the two wizarding wars it can be theorised that they were reunited in death, never to be parted again.

Severus Snape

Harry Potter: “My father was a great man!
Severus Snape: “Your father was a swine!
— Harry Potter and Snape about James in 1995[src]
Severus Snape

Severus Snape, his hated rival

James met Severus Snape on the Hogwarts Express in their first year at Hogwarts, and the two immediately got off on the wrong foot. James scoffed at Snape’s desire that he and Lily Evans would be Sorted into Slytherin house, while Snape sneered at James’s hope that he would follow his father’s footsteps and end up in Gryffindor. He and Sirius bestowed the mocking nickname of “Snivellus” on Snape at this first meeting. This enmity would continue for the rest of their school years and (on Snape’s part) well after James’s death. According to Sirius, Snape envied James’s popularity and Quidditch talents, and always tried to get him and his friends in trouble, while James despised Snape’s fascination with the Dark Arts. We see James mercilessly bully Severus Snape during his fifth year in Snape’s Pensieve. Later, it is revealed that James and Snape would regularly pass snide remarks and taunts towards each other. Although James disliked and bullied Snape, he also saved Snape’s life, when Sirius played a potentially lethal prank on him by sending him to the Shrieking Shack when Remus Lupin was there transforming. Apparently, though James loathed Snape intensely, he never wanted him dead. However, Snape despised being in James’s debt and felt, even twenty years later, that James only saved him to avoid expulsion.

Most of his dislike of James’s son Harry was motivated by seeing his old rival in Harry, as well as a constant reminder that Lily had loved another man. Snape was also involved in James’s death: Snape was the Death Eaterwho relayed the Prophecy that foretold the birth of the one who would defeat Snape’s then-master Lord Voldemort. When Voldemort was informed of this, he chose to get rid of James, his wife, and their son. Snape intervened by pleading for Lily’s life, while ignoring the danger into which his actions put James and Harry.

Albus Dumbledore


Albus Dumbledore, his former headmaster

James always had a good relationship with Albus Dumbledore. Dumbledore was the Headmaster of Hogwarts at the time James attended the school. He became fond of James knowing that, despite his being an arrogant, highly mischievous trouble-maker, he was also a kind-hearted, good-natured person. James became a member of the Order of the Phoenix, an organisation founded by Dumbledore, during the First Wizarding War and fought in several battles with him. Dumbledore also attempted to protect James, Lily, and Harry from Voldemort, who was out to their son by offering to be their Secret Keeper. However, the role of Secret Keeper went instead to Peter Pettigrew, which turned out to be a fatal mistake, as Peter was, unbeknownst to them, a spy for Voldemort. When James and Lily were murdered by Voldemort, Dumbledore was devastated.

Albus later became a mentor to James’s son, and they shared an intimate relationship, more like a grandfather and his grandson, rather than a headmaster and his pupil. Dumbledore often sympathised with Harry about the grief and loneliness caused by his parents’ death, and would comfort him at times when he really needed it. He also firmly believed and emphasised many times that Harry’s love for his parents, James and Lily, was the reason why he had a power stronger than Voldemort’s.

Minerva McGonagall


Minerva McGonagall, his former head of house and teacher

Minerva McGonagall was the Transfiguration Professor and also the Head of Gryffindor House, at the time James was a student. McGonagall was simultaneously fond of, and exasperated with James: she knew that he was a mischievous trouble-maker and often played cruel pranks on some of his school rivals (such as Severus Snape), but she also knew that he was a clever and talented wizard, and essentially a good person; overall, they had a good relationship, which presumably improved significantly after James cleaned up his act, and became worthy of being made Head Boy.

Upon learning of James and Lily’s deaths a few hours after they were murdered, McGonagall was devastated, and barely managed to keep her composure. In her later years, she shared quite a close relationship with James’s son, Harry.

Order of the Phoenix


The original Order of the Phoenix

James did have a good relationship with most of the members of the Order of the Phoenix, during the First Wizarding War. He might have been friendly with some members, such as Elphias Doge and Alastor Moody, as they were all members during the first war and most likely fought in several battles together. It is possible that James had many other friendships during his time in the Order, but they were unknown; his most famous friendship being the one he shared with the Marauders. Most of the original members of the Order were killed during the Second Wizarding War; only a few of them managed to survive.


Videoswiki For more Harry Potter videos check out Wikia’s video library

Behind the scenes

James always suspected Snape harboured deeper feelings for Lily, which was a factor in James’ behaviour towards Snape.
J. K. Rowling on why James particularly hated Snape[src]

James Potter as a young student


The Harry Potter Wiki has 78 images related to James Potter I.
James Potter - Young Marauders - PM

James Potter as a young Marauder

Notes and references

  1. ↑ 1.0 1.1 Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, Chapter 16 (Godric’s Hollow)
  2.  8 July 2000 South West News Service World Exclusive Interview with J K Rowling
  3. ↑ 3.0 3.1 Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, Chapter 12 (Silver and Opals) – “Even as he said it, Harry remembered that his father had been pure-blood, but he pushed the thought out of his mind; he would worry about that later….”
  4. ↑ 4.0 4.1 Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, Chapter 16 (A Very Frosty Christmas) – “James was a pureblood, Harry, and I promise you, he never asked us to call him ‘Prince.’”
  5.  Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone, Chapter 4 (The Keeper of the Keys)
  6.  Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone, Chapter 12 (The Mirror of Erised) – “The tall, thin, black-haired man standing next to her put his arm around her.”
  7. ↑ 7.0 7.1 Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 28 (Snape’s Worst Memory) – “Flitwick was walking past a boy with untidy black hair … very untidy black hair…. (…) James’s hair stuck up at the back exactly as Harry’s did”
  8. ↑ 8.0 8.1 Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 28 (Snape’s Worst Memory) – “James’s eyes were hazel”
  9. ↑ 9.0 9.1 9.2 Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows
  10. ↑ 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 10.4 10.5 10.6 10.7 10.8 Writing by J.K. Rowling: “The Potter Family” at Pottermore
  11. ↑ 11.0 11.1 J.K. Rowling and the Live Chat,, 30 July, 2007
  12.  2004 World Book Day Chat
  13. ↑ 13.0 13.1 13.2 Leaky Cauldron: 30 July 2007 Webchat with J.K. Rowling
  14.  Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone (video game) – GBC version
  15. ↑ 15.0 15.1 Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban
  16. ↑ 16.0 16.1 16.2 16.3 16.4 16.5 16.6 Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix
  17. ↑ 17.0 17.1 Writing by J.K. Rowling: “Vernon and Petunia Dursley” at Pottermore
  18.  Harry Potter Prequel
  19.  J. K. Rowling interview on PotterCast #130
  20.  J.K. Rowling comments at Carnegie Hall
  21.  Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban, Chapter 10 (The Marauder’s Map) – ““He did,” said Fudge heavily. “And then, barely a week after the Fidelius Charm had been performed – “Black betrayed them?” breathed Madam Rosmerta. “He did indeed.”
  22.  Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone, Chapter 1 (The Boy Who Lived)
  23.  Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone, Chapter 12 (The Mirror of Erised)
  24.  Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, Chapter 34 (Priori Incantatem)
  25.  Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 28 (Snape’s Worst Memory)
  26.  Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, Chapter 34 (The Forest Again)
  27.  Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (film)
  28.  Writing by J.K. Rowling: “Patronus Charm” at Pottermore
  29. ↑ 29.0 29.1 16 October 2000 Scholastic Chat with J.K. Rowling
  30.  Pottermore presents
  32.  Black family tree
Order of the Phoenix
Fawkes WB F2 FawkesCloseUpIllustration Illust 100615 Port
Albus Dumbledore
Original Order of of the Phoenix:
Aberforth Dumbledore | Alastor Moody | Alice Longbottom | Arabella Figg | Benjy Fenwick | Caradoc Dearborn | Dedalus Diggle | Dorcas Meadowes | Edgar Bones | Elphias Doge | Emmeline Vance | Fabian Prewett | Frank Longbottom | Gideon Prewett | Hestia Jones (possibly) | James Potter | Lily Potter | Marlene McKinnon | Mundungus Fletcher | Peter Pettigrew (defected) | Remus Lupin | Rubeus Hagrid | Severus Snape | Sirius BlackSturgis Podmore
Reconstituted Order of the Phoenix:
Aberforth Dumbledore | Alastor Moody | Arabella Figg | Arthur Weasley | Bill Weasley | Charlie Weasley | Dedalus Diggle | Elphias Doge | Emmeline Vance | Fleur Delacour | Fred Weasley | George Weasley | Harry Potter | Hermione Granger | Hestia Jones | Kingsley Shacklebolt | Minerva McGonagall | Molly Weasley | Mundungus Fletcher | Nymphadora Tonks | Remus Lupin | Ron Weasley | Rubeus Hagrid | Severus Snape | Sirius Black | Sturgis Podmore
Order of the Phoenix allies:
Andromeda Tonks | Augusta Longbottom | Buckbeak | Colin Creevey | Dobby | Filius Flitwick | Firenze | Garrick Ollivander | Ginny Weasley | Grawp | Hannah Abbott | Helena Ravenclaw | Horace Slughorn | Karkus | Karkus’s wife | Katie Bell | Kreacher | Lee Jordan | Luna Lovegood | Mr. Westenberg | Mrs. Westenberg | Muriel | Nearly-Headless Nick | Neville Longbottom | Oliver Wood | Olympe Maxime | Percy Weasley | Pomona Sprout | Sybill Trelawney | Ted Tonks | The Fallen Fifty | Westinburgh family | Winky | Xenophilius Lovegood
Other affiliations:
Dumbledore’s Army | Forbidden Forest Centaur colony | Headless Hunt | Hogwarts Hippogriff herd | Hogwarts house-elves | Hogwarts Ghosts | Hogwarts Staff |
Hogwarts students | Hogwarts Thestral herd | Ministry of Magic | Giant colony (Karkus‘s control)

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first president of india

Image result for who is the first president of india

Rajendra Prasad

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Rajendra Prasad
Food Minister Rajendra Prasad during a radio broadcast in Dec 1947 cropped.jpg
1st President of India
In office
26 January 1950 – 14 May 1962
Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru
Vice President Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
Preceded by Position established
C. Rajagopalachari as the Governor General of India
Succeeded by Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
Personal details
Born 3 December 1884
Siwan,JiradeiBengal PresidencyBritish India
Died 28 February 1963 (aged 78)
Political party Indian National Congress
Spouse(s) Rajvanshi Devi (d.1962)
Alma mater University of Calcutta
Awards 30px Bharat Ratna (1962)

Rajendra Prasad (About this sound listen ; 3 December 1884 – 28 February 1963) was the first President of India, in office from 1950 to 1962.[1] An Indian political leader, and lawyer by training, Prasad joined the Indian National Congressduring the Indian Independence Movement and became a major leader from the region of Bihar. A supporter of Mahatma Gandhi, Prasad was imprisoned by British authorities during the Salt Satyagraha of 1931 and the Quit India movement of 1942. Prasad served one term as President of the Indian National Congress from 1934 to 1935. After the 1946 elections, Prasad served as Minister of Food and Agriculture in the central government. Upon independence in 1947, Prasad was elected as President of the Constituent Assembly of India, which prepared the Constitution of India and served as its provisional parliament.

When India became a Republic in 1950, Prasad was elected its first President by the Constituent Assembly. Following the general election of 1951, he was elected President by the electoral college of the first Parliament of India and its state legislatures. As President, Prasad established a tradition of non-partisanship and independence for the office-bearer, and retired from Congress party politics. Although a ceremonial head of state, Prasad encouraged the development of education in India and advised the Nehru government on several occasions. In 1957, Prasad was re-elected to the presidency, becoming the only president to serve


How to conserve forest?

There are many ways to conserve forest.If we will start cutting forest.Deforestation will start increasing.This will cause many animals living in the forest die and human beings cannot survive.Oxygen will start decreasing and this may disturb food chain as the plants,animals,human being means we are the part of it.

So,there are many ways to conserve the forest.

I will show you some.

I am telling it in my own words.If there would be some mistake please do not mind.

Image result for conservation of forest

  1. Pollution of air,water and soil should be reduced so that the trees can grow in the forest.
  2. Awareness regarding the forest on people life should be shown on media,advertisement etc.
  3. Vanmahaotsav  should be celebrated every year should be made more popular,important and effective.
  4. Guideline formulated by UNESCO,WWF should be followed.
  5. Cutting and uprooting of the trees should be made an punishable offence.
  6. Cutting of trees is important but the number of trees are cut should be grown again.

study tips

  • Organize your study space. …
  • Use flow charts and diagrams. …
  • Practice on old exams. …
  • Explain your answers to others. …
  • Organize study groups with friends. …
  • Take regular breaks. …
  • Snack on brain food. …
  • Plan your exam day.


    She has taught me to always try my best, to treat everyone equally, to not give up when things get hard. She tells me to at all times be honest because in the end, lies always hurt more. She instills the importance of family and of doing well at school in me. When I make decisions and she doesn’t always agree with them, she makes sure that I know that she is behind me all the way because she wants me to always be happy. She has taught me right from wrong and the significance of self-respect.
She is my mother, the greatest influence in my life. Not only as a mom but also as a friend. A time that is really prominent in my mind, that I hope I will always remember, is the year when I was doing poorly in English class and I wanted to drop it. The “easy way out” as my mom called it. She helped me realize that I was intelligent enough to be in the class that is why I was put in it, and that I could do anything I put my mind to. The talk with my mom helped me tremendously. Not only because she gave me good advice but because she was talking to me like a friend would, being understanding of where I was coming from and about my feelings.
Once when I was at a party with some close friends, a really good-looking girl I didn’t know came over to me. “Hey what’s your name? Would you like to come smoke a cigarette with me?” The first thing that popped into my mind was how my mom always taught me never to smoke because it is bad and could cause serious health problems. After I remembered that “no thank you” was quickly spoken out of my mouth. I was kind of afraid that the girl wouldn’t talk to me after that but I still held my ground. In the end, she and I became good friends.Related imageRelated image

Image result for mom images


Despite having begun jointly developing a new operating system, OS/2, with IBM in August 1985,[30] Microsoft released Microsoft Windows, a graphical extension for MS-DOS, on November 20.[18]:242–243, 246 Microsoft moved its headquarters to Redmond on February 26, 1986, and on March 13 went public,[31] with the resulting rise in stock making an estimated four billionaires and 12,000 millionaires from Microsoft employees.[32] Microsoft released its version of OS/2 to original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) on April 2, 1987.[18] In 1990, due to the partnership with IBM, the Federal Trade Commission set its eye on Microsoft for possible collusion, marking the beginning of over a decade of legal clashes with the U.S. government.[33] :243–244 Meanwhile, the company was at work on a 32-bit OS, Microsoft Windows NT, which was heavily based on their copy of the OS/2 code. It shipped on July 21, 1993, with a new modular kerneland the Win32 application programming interface (API), making porting from 16-bit (MS-DOS-based) Windows easier. Once Microsoft informed IBM of NT, the OS/2 partnership deteriorated.[34]

In 1990, Microsoft introduced its office suite, Microsoft Office. The suite bundled separate productivity applications, such as Microsoft Wordand Microsoft Excel.[18]:301 On May 22, Microsoft launched Windows 3.0, featuring streamlined user interface graphics and improved protected mode capability for the Intel 386 processor.[35] Both Office and Windows became dominant in their respective areas.[36][37]

On July 27, 1994, the U.S. Department of Justice, Antitrust Division filed a Competitive Impact Statement that said, in part: “Beginning in 1988, and continuing until July 15, 1994, Microsoft induced many OEMs to execute anti-competitive “per processor” licenses. Under a per processor license, an OEM pays Microsoft a royalty for each computer it sells containing a particular microprocessor, whether the OEM sells the computer with a Microsoft operating system or a non-Microsoft operating system. In effect, the royalty payment to Microsoft when no Microsoft product is being used acts as a penalty, or tax, on the OEM’s use of a competing PC operating system. Since 1988, Microsoft’s use of per processor licenses has increased.”[3