Bharat Mission (SBM) or Clean India Mission in English is a campaign in India that aims to clean up the streets, roads and infrastructure of India’s cities, smaller towns, and rural areas. The objectives of Swachh Bharat include eliminating opendefecation
through the construction of household-owned and community-owned toilet and establishing an accountable mechanism of monitoring toilet use. Run by the Government of India, the mission aims to achieve an Open-Defecation Free India by 2 October 2019, the 150th anniversary of the birth of Mahatma Gandhi, by constructing 12 million toilets in rural India at a projected cost of ₹1.96 crore
The campaign was officially launched on 2 October 2014 at Rajghat, New Delhi by Prime Minister Narendra Modi. It is India’s largest cleanliness drive to date with 3 million government employees, school students, and college students from all parts of India participating in 4,041 statutory cities, towns and associated rural areas.
The mission contains two sub-missions: Swachh Bharat Abhiyan which operates under the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation; and Swachh Bharat Abhiyan (Urban), which operates under the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs. The mission includes ambassadors and activities such as national real-time monitoring and updates from non-governmental organizations that are working towards its ideas of swachh Bharath.
SWACH BHARAT SUNDAR BHARAT
HOW DID INDIA GOT POLLUTED AND DIRTY ?
Going farther back in time, Indian society traditionally had certain attitudes against manual labor that have led to a lack of cleanliness in India. Anyone who has been to India will notice how dirty it is. Although this fact embarrasses a lot of educated Indians, it is a fact that cannot escape notice. The unfortunate thing is that India’s dirtiness cannot be written off due to its poverty, as there are plenty of other poor societies that are cleaner than India. It is in light of these facts that Prime Minister Modi launched his Swacch Bharat Abhiyaan (Clean India Campaign) on Thursday. Modi publicly wielded a broom and cleaned garbage from a street.
Taking a cue from the recent “Ice Bucket Challenge” that swept the internet, Modi tagged nine celebrities and politicians to take part in the campaign and urged them to tag others in turn. Modi exhorted each individual to spread the message of a clean India to a hundred individuals in turn. Modi also administered a pledge to students and other people at an event on Thursday, where they all vowed to keep India clean. The pledge urged every individual to remain committed to cleanliness and devote time to this. A section of the pledge read: “I will devote 100 hours per year — that is two hours per week — to voluntary work for cleanliness. I will neither litter nor let others litter.” Additionally, the pledge said “I will initiate the quest for cleanliness with myself, my family, my locality, my village and my work place. I believe that the countries of the world that appear clean are so because their citizens don’t indulge in littering nor do they allow it to happen. With this firm belief, I will propagate the message of Swachh Bharat Mission in villages and towns.”
The campaign is significant because of its attempt to change Indian attitudes toward cleaning and manual labor. Of course, for it to be successful, it has to be implemented consistently over a long period of time if people are not to revert back to business as usual. Why is it necessary to change Indians’ attitudes towards cleanliness? Because this attitude is the cause of India’s dirtiness, not poverty. The lack of funds do not explain the dirtiness of Indian’s public spaces
Many Indian houses are meticulously cleaned and spotless. Yet right outside rows of these clean houses, there are filthy streets with mountains of garbage. This shows that the public sphere is a concept in Indian society that has traditionally been absent. People in India have traditionally stuck to their family, community and caste group, of which there are around 10,000. These groups and communities were the mediums through which most people conducted their social interaction. Thus, the concept of a shared public space, used by everyone and kept clean to everyone was not one to take hold in a segmented society. This is changing however, as old social barriers break down and more and more people mix and congregate in urban areas.
Related to the concept of class and caste are Indian attitudes towards cleaning and manual labor. When the concept of cleaning and doing physical work in order to make spaces clean is associated with lower classes and castes, there is little incentive for anyone to work hard at keeping public spaces clean. Better-off people do not feel it is dignified to clean while worse-off people resent being boxed into the tasks of cleaning, which in India are often extremely dehumanizing due to the extreme accumulation of garbage and feces. They thus have absolutely no incentive to do a thorough job.
This has created a destructive cycle in Indian society that India is only now recovering from. Often the materials, including water, that are necessary for cleaning are denied to the cleaners themselves (particularly in rural areas) because they are perceived as unclean. Fear of contamination and pollution thus reinforces that uncleanliness of cleaning communities and society in general. Handling trash, including human waste, literally makes certain people in India untouchable (though not in the legal sense anymore) because these people clean the garbage of others but cannot really clean themselves. This is a recipe for the accumulation of dirt throughout India. At the opposite end of the spectrum, well-bred individuals have traditionally refused to clean. This attitude was evident, for example at the 1901 Congress Party convention, “where Mahatma Gandhi told delegates it was a disgrace that manual scavengers were being used to clean the latrines. He asked delegates to clean their own latrines and when they did not, he publicly cleaned his own.”
This is not to say that Indians are not hardworking or lack a work ethic. Islam encourages a positive attitude towards manual work and Hindu teaching is neutral on the matter, simply arguing that individuals should try their hardest at doing whatever it is they’re doing. The attitudes against manual labor, though, seem to be deeply ingrained in Indian society for a variety of sociocultural reasons and there is a general perception that blue-collar work is degrading while white-collar work is uplifting. This is, of course, true in most societies as well but in India there is a strong bias against working with one’s hands, which is closely connected to status. This in turn leads to a lack of professionalism and quality in the performance of many physical tasks, including cleaning.
This is one of those cases where there is really no scope to justify and contextualize a certain viewpoint. Indian society’s traditional attitudes towards manual labor are harmful in a moral sense and are also damaging toward the economy, society, and public spaces. In short, it has to change and people ought to understand that there is honor in manual labor as well. There needs to be a broad social acknowledgement that the artisan — one who works with his or her hands — is equally dignified in labor as one who works with the mind. This in turn will help make India a cleaner place as well.
What is needed in India is a Japanese-style attitude towards cleanliness where everyone, no matter their social status, learns that it is his or her duty to clean shared spaces, starting in elementary school. In many Indian schools, cleaning, especially cleaning of toilets, is a task relegated to a certain worker or student, usually of a lower caste. If this person fails to perform this task adequately (and it’s no surprise that this is often the case, as a life of cleaning toilets is undesirable), nobody else does the necessary cleaning, and filth accumulates. Thus it is crucial for important social figures to set an example by openly and publicly cleaning and showing that anyone can perform this labor without losing dignity. Thus, it is a great thing that Modi is sending this message to the people of India. It has both a practical component (actually cleaning) as well as a psychological component, both of which are necessary for India to become clean.
Football is life. football change everything. i started playing football when i was eleven years old. but before that, my father want me to play basketball. it was not nice playing basketball for me because i do not fit on these game.
Here comes football which was introduce to me by may childhood friend. we always play a small sided game in our village and then i found out that i was good on it. so i trained to play football. i have been playing football for six and a half years and now, i am in college. but football here in the Philippines is not well organize and they do not recognize it. i do not want to end my career as a football player and i do not want to end my career as a football player with no good things happened. my dream, is to go to a country that organize football and to be a professional football player like the the young super star Messi.
I WANT TO BE A FASHION DESIGNER
when I was small I had a dream to draw dresses. I had a dream to have a mall in which I would have different types of dresses. every year I would have a fashion show.I would go to different countries and buy a mall and in that also I would have a fashion show every year. in all that shows I would have models wearing my dresses
IF I COULD TRAVEL ON MARS
If I could travel on Mars I would go by a rocket and I would name it as rocker 3 .I would be so amazed and shocked to go there . When I was small I learnt that mars is red . I also learnt that on mars we can find water by digging up the land . so when I will go and do so as I learnt . I will go by my rocker 3 and look to that how beautiful earth is . I would go there and dig up the land and try to find water because there is a scarce of water on earth . If there would be water there I would take builders over there and make my own chocolate land . I would name mars as a new planet and the name it as chocolate land . This planet would have chocolate train , houses and the whole world of chocolate .
Nick Fury is the director of S.H.I.E.L.D., an international peace-keeping agency. The agency is a who’s who of Marvel Super Heroes, with Iron Man, The Incredible Hulk, Thor, Captain America, Hawkeye and Black Widow. When global security is threatened by Loki and his cohorts, Nick Fury and his team will need all their powers to save the world from disaster which is formed by Loki and his team Written by WellardRockard
Motion Picture Rating (MPAA)
Rated PG-13 for intense sequences of sci-fi violence and action throughout, and a mild drug reference | See all certifications »
4 May 2012 (USA) See more »
Also Known As:
Group Hug See more »
MY best actor is tiger shroff
Tiger Shroff (born Jai Hemant Shroff; 2 March 1990) is an Indian film actor and born in Mumbai, who works in Hindi films. Son of actor Jackie Shroff and producer Ayesha Dutt, he made his film debut with a leading role in the 2014 action comedy Heropanti, which earned him a Filmfare Award for Best Male Debut nomination.He next starred in the action drama Baaghi (2016), which earned over ₹1 billion (US$16 million) Worldwide, and received praise for the superhero thriller A Flying Jatt(2016).
Earth is the third planet from the Sun and the only object in the Universe known to harbor life. According to radiometric dating and other sources of evidence, Earth formed over 4 billion years ago. Earth’s gravity interacts with other objects in space, especially the Sun and the Moon, Earth’s only natural satellite. Earth revolves around the Sun in 365.26 days, a period known as an Earth year. During this time, Earth rotates about its axis about 366.26 times.
Earth’s axis of rotation is tilted, producing seasonal variations on the planet’s surface. The gravitational interaction between the Earth and Moon causes ocean tides, stabilizes the Earth’s orientation on its axis, and gradually slows its rotation. Earth is the densest planet in the Solar System and the largest of the four terrestrial planets.
Earth’s lithosphere is divided into several rigid tectonic plates that migrate across the surface over periods of many millions of years. About 71% of Earth’s surface is covered with water, mostly by oceans The remaining 29% is land consisting of continents and islands that together have many lakes, rivers and other sources of water that contribute to the hydrosphere. The majority of Earth’s polar regions are covered in ice, including the Antarctic ice sheet and the sea ice of the Arctic ice pack. Earth’s interior remains active with a solid iron inner core, a liquid outer core that generates the Earth’s magnetic field, and a convecting mantle that drives plate tectonics.Within the first billion years of Earth’s history, life appeared in the oceans and began to affect the Earth’s atmosphere and surface, leading to the proliferation of aerobic and anaerobic organisms. Some geological evidence indicates that life may have arisen as much as 4.1 billion years ago. Since then, the combination of Earth’s distance from the Sun, physical properties, and geological history have allowed life to evolve and thrive. In the history of the Earth, biodiversity has gone through long periods of expansion, occasionally punctuated by mass extinction events. Over 99% of all species that ever lived on Earth are extinct. Estimates of the number of species on Earth today vary widely; most species have not been described. Over 7.4 billion humans live on Earth and depend on its biosphere and natural resources for their survival. Humans have developed diverse societies and cultures; politically, the world has about 200 sovereign states.
The story is told from the perspective of an online reality show created by Rick Jones to foster public acceptance of the Hulk as a hero and not a monster. The “show” is filmed by robotic flying cameras that accompany the Agents of the Supreme Military Agency of Super Humans (S.M.A.S.H.) everywhere they go, resulting in humorous vignettes and visual gags throughout each episode.
Hulk, She-Hulk, Red Hulk, A-Bomb, and Skaar come together as the Agents of S.M.A.S.H. to tackle threats that no other superheroes can face. The Agents of S.M.A.S.H. have their base near the town of Vista Verde (where Bruce Banner first became Hulk) and often face various threats with a recurring one being from Hulk’s archenemy Leader (who holds the key to Skaar’s origin).
In Season Two, upon their return to Earth following their fights with the Kree and the Skrull, the Agents of S.M.A.S.H. are hunted by S.H.I.E.L.D. and the military (which now have Hulkbuster technology) following the incident caused by the Leader’s Agents of C.R.A.S.H. After proving their innocence, the Agents of S.M.A.S.H. will later have to deal the Leader traveling back in time to alter history, followed by an invasion led by the Supreme Intelligence and the Kree Armada in the wake of the incarceration of Ronan the Accuser.V
by Stan Lee
|Country of origin||United States|
|No. of seasons||2|
|No. of episodes||52 (list of episodes)|
|Running time||22 minutes|
|Distributor||Disney–ABC Domestic Television|
|Original network||Disney XD|
|Original release||August 11, 2013 – June 28, 2015|
Hulk and the Agents of S.M.A.S.H. is an American animated television series based on the superhero character by Marvel Comics. The series premiered on August 11, 2013, on Disney XD in its Marvel Universe block, and ended on June 28, 2015.
MY BEST DAY EVER WAS ON 4TH APRIL,ON MY BIRTHDAY I WAS TOLD THAT WE ARE NOT GOING TO CELEBRATE MY BIRTHDAY.ONE DAY BEFORE ON 3RD APRIL I WAS VERY SAD ABOUT MY BIRTHDAY .I WENT TO BED VERY EARLY.AT NIGHT WHAT HAPPENED WAS ALL MY BROS AND SIS CAME AT MY HOUSE AND SLEPT.NEXT DAY IN MORNING I WOKE UP LATE ALL MY BROS AND SIS WERE DOWN BUT I DID NOT KNEW THAT THEY CAME AT MY HOUSE WHEN I WENT TO PLAY FOOTBALL WHAT I SAW WAS ALL MY BROS AND SIS PLAYING DOWN.I GOT SO HAPPY.THEN WE PLAYED TOGETHER WE HAD FUN AND THEY ALL TOOK ME TO RESTAURANT.WE ATE OUR LUNCH AND RETURN BACK HOME.THIS WAS THE BEST DAY OF MY LIFE.
The different types of pollution
When we talk about air or water pollution, the reactions garnered are stronger. This is because we can see the effects caused by the pollutants and their extent very clearly. It is normal human psychology to believe in what you see first hand. Our land on the other hand is living a nightmare too. We may not be able to see the effects with clarity, but land is being polluted and abused constantly and we are unable to calculate the damages incurred. Land Pollution has come to become one of the serious concerns that we collectively battle