Summer is the most loved and hottest season. It is the perfect time for vacations, swimming, and sunbathing. Summer is great for sports and spending time with family and friends out in the forest, on the lake or beach. Fishing and barbeque are also usually considered as summertime activities.
During the season, people are much happier; they get a chance to do what they really like without worrying to get cold, and having to wear a lot of clothes. Even at midnight it is pleasant to go for a walk because of temperatures that tend to be higher and more comfortable to stay outside.
In summer, nature beautiful and fruitful; it bursts, peaks its activity, and allows animals and most of the plants to breed and reproduce. The season lasts for more than three months in June, July, August and September. In the countries of the Southern Hemisphere the period starts in December and continues till March while it’s significantly colder, from May till October. Summer has warm and humid weather, especially in July and August. In some regions, excessive sun and high temperatures cause droughts and, in turn, many problems for wildlife and people. Even birds and animals try to rest in the shade at midday when it is unbearably hot under the summer sun. It often rains, although it happens less frequently than in autumn.
Summer phenomena in nature
The sun supplies energy necessary to support life, breed and feed. Summer warmth creates comfortable conditions for vital activities of animals, plants and microorganisms. The sun’s heat is essential for vegetation and growing food crops since it provokes important chemical and physical reactions. Rain is one of the most effective means of watering and highly important for survival, especially in some geographical regions. Thunderstorms can occur because of moisture (due to vaporization caused by high temperatures), changes in airmass, and heat. In summer, people often see rainbows created by the interaction of sunlight and water. Dew is another amazing phenomenon created by droplets of water that appear due to condensation.
Plants in summer
During summer, plants gloom and grow very quickly. They get the chance to disseminate. Blossom provides pollen to bees, ants, flower beetles, pollen wasps, and some animals. Some flowers and trees are pollinated by wind. Petals of plants attract or repel specific insects, aid them to reach the nectar, and protect important parts of the flower. Summer sunlight and temperature are also important for plants since they are one of the main condition for photosynthesis. The process allows flowers, trees and shrubs to get enough chemical energy and nutrition.
Animals in summer
Most animals reproduce, hunt, and store necessary energy for colder seasons in summer due to most comfortable natural conditions which aggravate metabolism and stimulate other activities. In the warmest regions some animals aestivate in response to arid conditions and higher temperatures, and in order to avoid desiccation and possible harm from heat exposure. Animals’ behavior depends on species but most of them eat as much as they can, put on weight, and grow antlers to prepare for rutting season (autumn).
Birds in summer
Summer is the season of intensive breeding for birds. During summertime they court, battle for territory, nest, gather food, satisfy family needs, try to chase off different predators and protect future generation. By the end of the period, they start to grow new feathers which will help to keep enough warmth through the winter months. Before migration in autumn, their aim is to increase body since it is an important source of energy. Birds usually eat nectar, plants, fruits, carrion, seeds, and small animals, even other smaller birds. All of them are easier to find during the season.
Summer in the Northern Hemisphere
The European climate is diverse. Southern part of the region has a distinctive dry season with prevailing dry and hot conditions. Other parts of the continent have mild summer weather with average season temperatures around 22 degrees in July. Southwest Asia has hot and long summers with temperatures rising above 46 degrees. In Central Asia, the humid continental climate prevails, although the northern territories of the region tend to remain cooler than the other parts. Weather of East Asia is mostly defined by heavy seasonal monsoon which causes rains during June and July, leading to high levels of humidity and high temperatures.
Summer in the Southern Hemisphere
The summer season in Africa, the very southern islands of Asia, Australia, South America, and Zealandia is a little milder because of bigger amount of waters and less land. This part of the Earth is less exposed to sunlight during May, June and July. In Australia and New Zealand, the coolest months are June and July with relatively low levels of humidity and temperatures around 14 degrees and higher. The South American climate is also generally hot, but varies from one region to another. It is mostly tropical with dry tropical savannas in the north. Temperatures usually reach more than 15 degrees.