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Lionel Andrés “Leo” Messi Cuccittini[note 1] (Spanish pronunciation: [ljoˈnel anˈðɾes ˈmesi] (About this sound listen); born 24 June 1987) is an Argentine professional footballer who plays as a forward for Spanish club Barcelona and the Argentina national team. Often considered the best player in the world and regarded by many as the greatest of all time, Messi is the only player in history to win five FIFA Ballon d’Or awards,[note 2] four of which he won consecutively, and a record-tying four European Golden Shoes.[note 3] He has won 29 trophies with Barcelona, including eight La Liga titles, four UEFA Champions League titles, and five Copas del Rey. Both a prolific goalscorer and a creative playmaker, Messi holds the records for most official goals scored in La Liga (362), a La Liga season (50), a club football season in Europe (73), a calendar year (91), as well as those for most assists made in La Liga (141) and the Copa América (11). He has scored over 600 senior career goals for club and country.

Born and raised in central Argentina, Messi was diagnosed with a growth hormone deficiency as a child. At age 13, he relocated to Spain to join Barcelona, who agreed to pay for his medical treatment. After a fast progression through Barcelona’s youth academy, Messi made his competitive debut aged 17 in October 2004. Despite being injury-prone during his early career, he established himself as an integral player for the club within the next three years, finishing 2007 as a finalist for both the Ballon d’Or and FIFA World Player of the Year award, a feat he repeated the following year. His first uninterrupted campaign came in the 2008–09 season, during which he helped Barcelona achieve the first treble in Spanish football. At 22 years old, Messi won the Ballon d’Or and FIFA World Player of the Year award by record voting margins.

Three successful seasons followed, with Messi winning three consecutive FIFA Ballons d’Or, including an unprecedented fourth. His personal best campaign statistically to date was the 2011–12 season, in which he set the La Liga and European records for most goals scored in a single season, while establishing himself as Barcelona’s all-time top scorer in official competitions in March 2012. He again struggled with injury during the following two seasons, twice finishing second for the Ballon d’Or behind Cristiano Ronaldo, his perceived career rival. Messi regained his best form during the 2014–15 campaign, breaking the all-time goalscoring records in both La Liga and the Champions League in November 2014,[note 4] and led Barcelona to a historic second treble.

An Argentine international, Messi is his country’s all-time leading goalscorer. At youth level, he won the 2005 FIFA World Youth Championship, finishing the tournament with both the Golden Ball and Golden Shoe, and an Olympic gold medal at the 2008 Summer Olympics. His style of play as a diminutive, left-footed dribbler drew comparisons with compatriot Diego Maradona, who declared the teenager his successor. After making his senior debut in August 2005, Messi became the youngest Argentine to play and score in a FIFA World Cup during the 2006 edition, and reached the final of the 2007 Copa América, where he was named young player of the tournament. As the squad’s captain from August 2011, he led Argentina to three consecutive finals: the 2014 World Cup, for which he won the Golden Ball, and the 2015 and 2016 Copas América. After announcing his international retirement in 2016, he reversed his decision and led his country to qualification for the 2018 World Cup.

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Early life

Lionel Andrés Messi was born on 24 June 1987 in Rosario, the third of four children of Jorge Messi, a steel factory manager, and his wife Celia Cuccittini, who worked in a magnet manufacturing workshop. On his father’s side, he is of Italian and Spanish descent, the great-grandson of immigrants from Marche and Catalonia, and on his mother’s side, he has primarily Italian ancestry.[3] Growing up in a tight-knit, football-loving family, “Leo” developed a passion for the sport from an early age, playing constantly with his older brothers, Rodrigo and Matías, and his cousins, Maximiliano and Emanuel Biancucchi, both of whom became professional footballers.[7] At the age of four he joined local club Grandoli, where he was coached by his father, though his earliest influence as a player came from his maternal grandmother, Celia, who accompanied him to training and matches.[8] He was greatly affected by her death, shortly before his eleventh birthday; since then, as a devout Catholic, he has celebrated his goals by looking up and pointing to the sky in tribute of his grandmother.[9][10]

“When you saw him you would think: this kid can’t play ball. He’s a dwarf, he’s too fragile, too small. But immediately you’d realise that he was born different, that he was a phenomenon and that he was going to be something impressive.”

Newell’s Old Boys youth coach Adrián Coria shares his first impression of the 12-year-old Messi.[11]

A lifelong supporter of Newell’s Old Boys, Messi joined the Rosario club when he was six years old. During the six years he played for Newell’s, he scored almost 500 goals as a member of “The Machine of ’87”, the near-unbeatable youth side named for the year of their birth, and regularly entertained crowds by performing ball tricks during half-time of the first team’s home games.[12][13] However, his future as a professional player was threatened when, at age 10, he was diagnosed with a growth hormone deficiency. As his father’s health insurance covered only two years of growth hormone treatment, which cost at least $1,000 per month, Newell’s agreed to contribute, but later reneged on their promise.[14] He was scouted by Buenos Aires club River Plate, whose playmakerPablo Aimar, he idolised, but they were also unable to pay for his treatment due to the country’s economic collapse.[15][16]

Messi enrolled at Barcelona’s youth academy, La Masia, at age 13

As the Messi family had relatives in Catalonia, they sought to arrange a trial with Barcelona in September 2000. First team director Charly Rexach immediately wanted to sign him, but the board of directors hesitated; at the time it was highly unusual for European clubs to sign foreign players of such a young age. On 14 December, an ultimatum was issued for Barcelona to prove their commitment, and Rexach, with no other paper at hand, offered a contract on a paper napkin.[15][17] In February 2001, the family relocated to Barcelona, where they moved into an apartment near the club’s stadium, Camp Nou. During his first year in Spain, Messi rarely played with the Infantiles due to a transfer conflict with Newell’s; as a foreigner, he could only be fielded in friendlies and the Catalan league. Without football, he struggled to integrate into the team; already reserved by nature, he was so quiet that his teammates initially believed he was mute. At home, he suffered from homesickness after his mother moved back to Rosario with his brothers and little sister, María Sol, while he stayed in Barcelona with his father.[12][17][18]

After a year at Barcelona’s youth academy, La Masia, Messi was finally enrolled in the Royal Spanish Football Federation (RFEF) in February 2002. Now playing in all competitions, he befriended his teammates, among whom were Cesc Fàbregas and Gerard Piqué.[19] After completing his growth hormone treatment aged 14,[20] Messi became an integral part of the “Baby Dream Team”, Barcelona’s greatest-ever youth side. During his first full season (2002–03), he was top scorer with 36 goals in 30 games for the Cadetes A, who won an unprecedented treble of the league and both the Spanish and Catalan cups.[19][21] The Copa Catalunya final, a 4–1 victory over Espanyol, became known in club lore as the partido de la máscara, the final of the mask. A week after suffering a broken cheekbone during a league match, Messi was allowed to start the game on the condition that he wear a plastic protector; soon hindered by the mask, he took it off and scored two goals in 10 minutes before his substitution.[22] At the close of the season, he received an offer to join Arsenal, his first from a foreign club, but while Fàbregas and Piqué soon left for England, he chose to remain in Barcelona.

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Chocolate lovers

❤♡❤Chocolate lovers❤♡❤

Chocolate has become one of the most popular food types and flavors in the world, and a vast number of foodstuffs involving chocolate have been created, particularly desserts including cakespuddingmoussechocolate brownies, and chocolate chip cookies. Many candies are filled with or coated with sweetened chocolate, and bars of solid chocolate and candy bars in chocolate

Chocolate most commonly comes in dark, milk, and white varieties, with cocoa solids contributing to the brown color

Dark chocolate🍫-

also known as “plain chocolate” or “black chocolate”, is produced using higher percentages of cocoa, traditionally with cocoa butter instead of milk, but there are also dark milk chocolate

White chocolate-

is made of sugar, milk, and cocoa butter, without the cocoa solids.

Chocolate health benefits💪 –

Chocolate is made from plants, which means it contains many of the health benefits of dark vegetable.Dark chocolate is good for your heart. A small bar of it every day can help keep your heart and cardiovascular system running well. 

10 Ways Giving In To That Chocolate Craving Can Benefit Your HealthImage result for chocolate help in heart

1 It Reduces Risk

2 It Boosts Heart 

3 It Fills You Up

4 It May Fight Diabetes

5 It Protects Your Skin health

6 It Can Quiet Coughs

7 It Boosts Your Mood

8 It Improves Blood Flow

9 It Improves Vision

10 It May Make You Smarter

Continue reading “Chocolate lovers”


Instrumentation Technologies

Instrumentation technology programs teach students about control processes and measurement functions of instrumentation devices. Read on to learn more about education and career options in the field of instrumentation technology.

Inside Instrumentation Technologies

Instrumentation technology refers to devices that measure or control pressure, flow, currents and speed for gas, electrical, chemical and other systems. Instrumentation technology programs prepare students for careers installing, maintaining and repairing control equipment used in a variety of industries. Many professionals in this field design and test electrical equipment for use in communications, medicine or navigation. Others troubleshoot equipment or manufacture industrial products and machinery. Regardless of the industry they work in, these technicians are generally employed to ensure that products and systems run safely, effectively and economically.

Whether you’d like to work in the electrical, chemical, oil or gas industry, use as your primary online source for degree and career information.

Education Options

top 10 hindi movies

. Anaarkali of Aarah

Nisekoi: False Love by Naoshi Komi

Nisekoi: False Love by Naoshi Komi

Nisekoi was one of my favourites when I was just 12. This romantic comedy was making me laugh for a whole time. I like Raku Ichijo the most.

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In this there is a pendant which needs a key.(i.e the key to love). Raku doesn’t know which girl gave him the pendant nor he doesn’t know her name or face ten years before.

When Raku’s gangster-father meets his rival they both arranged for a false love. But they had to fake it however they have to. I also like Shu, Raku’s best and funniest friend.

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The official one is coming up…

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Raku’s official image is …

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Do you know what it feels like when Raku is in love? This is it….

Thank you guys. Please like it.

HAL Tejas

The HAL Tejas is an Indian single-seat, single-jet enginemultirole light fighter designed by the Aeronautical Development Agency (ADA) and Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) for the Indian Air Force and Navy.                                                                                       It came from the Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) programme, which began in the 1980s to replace India’s ageing MiG-21 fighters. In 2003, the LCA was officially named “Tejas”, which means “Radiant” in Sanskrit.

Tejas has a pure double delta wing configuration (wing root leading edge sweep 50°, outer wing leading edge sweep 62.5° and trailing edge forward sweep 4°), with no tailplanes or canard, and a single dorsal fin. It integrates technologies such as relaxed static stabilityfly-by-wire flight control system, multi-mode radar, integrated digital avionics system, composite material structures, and a flat rated engine. It is the smallest and lightest in its class of contemporary supersonic combat aircraft.

In 1969, the Indian gImage result for HAL Tejasovernment accepted the recommendation by its Aeronautics Committee that Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) should design and develop a fighter aircraft around a proven engine. Based on a ‘Tactical Air Support Aircraft’ ASR markedly similar to that for the Marut,[14] HAL completed design studies in 1975, but the project fell through due to inability to procure the selected “proven engine” from a foreign manufacturer and the IAF’s requirement for an air superiority fighter with secondary air support and interdiction capability remained unfulfilled.

In 1983, IAF realised the need for an Indian combat aircraft for two primary purposes. The principal and most obvious goal was to replace India’s ageing MiG-21 fighters, which had been the mainstay of the IAF since the 1970s. The “Long Term Re-Equipment Plan 1981” noted that the MiG-21s would be approaching the end of their service lives by the mid-1990s, and that by 1995, the IAF would lack 40% of the aircraft needed to fill its projected force structure requirements.The LCA programme’s other main objective was an across-the-board advancement of India’s domestic aerospace industry. The value of the aerospace “self-reliance” initiative is not simply the aircraft’s production, but also the building of a local industry capable of creating state-of-the-art products with commercial spin-offs for a global market.



robot is a machine—especially one programmable by a computer— capable of carrying out a complex series of actions automatically.[2] Robots can be guided by an external control device or the control may be embedded within. Robots may be constructed to take on human form but most robots are machines designed to perform a task with no regard to how they look.

Robots can be autonomous or semi-autonomous and range from humanoids such as Honda‘s Advanced Step in Innovative Mobility (ASIMO) and TOSY‘s TOSY Ping Pong Playing Robot (TOPIO) to industrial robots, medical operating robots, patient assist robots, dog therapy robots, collectively programmed swarm robotsUAV drones such as General Atomics MQ-1 Predator, and even microscopic nano robots. By mimicking a lifelike appearance or automating movements, a robot may convey a sense of intelligence or thought of its own. Autonomous Things are expected to proliferate in the coming decade,[3] with home robotics and the autonomous car as some of the main drivers.[4]



Technology is dynamic!! it keeps improving with the increase in our needs, to extend our abilities. Technology in today’s generation truly flabbergasts us!

Now lets get startled!!


Watching movies like Batman and Knight rider have got us amused by its autonomous (also known as self-driving) cars. But now they  are no longer purely fictional. Vehicles that are capable of sensing their environment and navigating without human input are already on roads!. The technology is being developed on different types of vehicles like combustion engines

Waiting to see one someday!!               how innovative!!            Image result for autonomous cars

see how it works!!



3D printing is a manufacturing technique that creates physical objects from digital models using a range of materials from metals to resins. 3-D printing is a manufacturing process that builds layers to create three dimensional object from a digital model. During the print process, the 3-D printer starts at the bottom of the design and builds up successive layers of material until the object is finished.

HOW CREATIVE RIGHT!! It would be fun to print them…

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humanoid robot is a robot with its body shape built to resemble the human body. The design may be for functional purposes, such as interacting with human tools and environments, for experimental purposes, such as the study of locomotion, or for other purposes. In general, humanoid robots have a torso, a head, two arms, and two legs.Humanoid robots are now used as a research tool in several scientific areas.Humanoid robots are being developed to perform human tasks like personal assistance, where they should be able to assist the sick and elderly.

For example:-

Sophia is a social humanoid robot developed by Hong Kong-based company Hanson robotics

Sophia was inspired by both Audrey Hepburn and his wife . Her skin is made from”frubber” and she is able to display more than 62 facial expressions!!

in October,2017  Sophia also became a the first non-human citizen of Saudi. She has also stunned many of the interviewers from all over the world with her smart responses

I would surely like to take an interview of her some day!!


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check out this video………










Fighter Planes


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The Indian Air Force (IAFIASTBhāratīya Vāyu Senā) is the air arm of the Indian armed forces. Its complement of personnel and aircraft assets ranks fourth amongst the airforces of the world.[7] Its primary mission is to secure Indian airspace and to conduct aerial warfare during armed conflict. It was officially established on 8 October 1932 as an auxiliary air force of the British Empire which honored India’s aviation service during World War II with the prefix Royal.[clarification needed] After India gained independence from the United Kingdom in 1947, the name Royal Indian Air Force was kept and served in the name of Dominion of India. With the government’s transition to a Republic in 1950, the prefix Royal was removed after only three years.

Since 1950 the IAF has been involved in four wars with neighboring Pakistan and one with the People’s Republic of China. Other major operations undertaken by the IAF include Operation VijayOperation MeghdootOperation Cactus and Operation Poomalai. The IAF’s mission expands beyond engagement with hostile forces, with the IAF participating in United Nations peacekeeping missions.

The President of India holds the rank of Supreme Commander of the IAF.[8] As of 1 July 2017, 139,576 personnel are in service with the Indian Air Force.[9][10] The Chief of Air Staff, an air chief marshal, is a four-star officer and is responsible for the bulk of operational command of the Air Force. There is never more than one serving ACM at any given time in the IAF. The rank of Marshal of the Air Force has been conferred by the President of India on one occasion in history, to Arjan Singh. On 26 January 2002 Singh became the first and so far, only five-star rank officer of the IAF.[11]

Human Head Transplant

This is one of the topics i really anticipate about in future . This way you give a new life with a new face  to a person.

There are three main technical challenges. As with any  transplant, managing the immune response to avoid transplant rejection is necessary. Also, the brain is highly dependent on continuous flow of blood to provide oxygen and nutrients and remove waste products, with damage setting in quickly at normal temperatures when blood flow is cut off. Finally, managing the nervous systems in both the body and the head is essential, in several ways. The autonomic nervous system controls essential functions like breathing and the heart beating and is governed largely by the brain stem; if the recipient body’s head is removed this can no longer function. Additionally each nerve coming out of the head via the spinal cord needs to be connected to the putatively corresponding nerve in the recipient body’s spinal cord in order for the brain to control movement and receive sensory information. Finally, the risk of systematic neuropathic pain is high and as of 2017 had largely been unaddressed in research.[1]

Of these challenges, dealing with blood supply and transplant rejection have been addressed in the field of transplant medicine generally, making transplantation of several types of organs fairly routine;[1] however as of 2017 in a field as common as liver transplantation around a quarter of organs are rejected within the first year and overall mortality is still much higher than the general population.[3] The challenge of grafting the nervous system remained in early stages of research as of 2017.