Justin Drew Bieber (/ˈbbər/; born March 1, 1994) is a Canadian singer and songwriter. After a talent manager discovered him through his YouTube videos covering songs in 2008 and signed to RBMG, Bieber released his debut EPMy World, in late 2009. It was certified platinum in the U.S. He became the first artist to have seven songs from a debut record chart on the Billboard Hot 100.[5]Bieber released his first full-length studio albumMy World 2.0, in 2010. It debuted at or near number one in several countries, was certified triple platinum in the U.S., and contained his single “Baby“.

Following his debut album, he had his first headlining tour, the My World Tour, released the remix albums My Worlds Acoustic and Never Say Never – The Remixes—and the 3D biopic-concert film Justin Bieber: Never Say Never. He released his second studio album, Under the Mistletoe, in November 2011, when it debuted at number one on the Billboard 200. Bieber released his third studio album, Believe, in 2012. Its single “Boyfriend” reached number one in Canada. His fourth studio album Purpose was released in November 2015, spawning three number one singles: “What Do You Mean?“, “Sorry“, and “Love Yourself“. Following the release of Purpose, Bieber was featured on several successful collaborations, including “Cold Water“, “Let Me Love You“, “Despacito (Remix)“, and “I’m the One“. His U.S. album and singles sales total 44.7 million. He has sold an estimated 140 million records, making him one of the world’s best-selling music artists, and became the second person to reach 100 million followers on Twitter in August 2017 after Katy Perry.

Bieber has won numerous awards throughout his career, including the American Music Award for Artist of the Year in 2010 and 2012, a Grammy Award for Best Dance Recording for the song “Where Are Ü Now” at the 2016 ceremony, and a Latin Grammy Award for Best Urban Fusion/Performance for the remix of Despacito at the 2017 ceremony. He has been listed four times by Forbes magazine among the top ten most powerful celebrities in the world, in 2011, 2012, and 2013. In 2016, Bieber became the first artist to surpass 10 billion total video views on Vevo.


Charles Otto Puth Jr. (/pθ/; born December 2, 1991) is an American singer, songwriter and record producer. Puth’s initial exposure came through the viral success of his song videos uploaded to YouTube.

See You Again” was released as Puth’s debut single in 2015, which he co-wrote, co-produced, and performed with Wiz Khalifa for the Furious 7 soundtrack as a tribute to Paul Walker, it peaked at number one on the US Billboard Hot 100 for 12 non-consecutive weeks. After the success of “See You Again”, he subsequently gained worldwide recognition for multiple subsequent releases, including his debut single “Marvin Gaye“, which featured vocals from Meghan Trainor. The song topped charts in New Zealand, Ireland, and the United Kingdom.

Puth’s debut studio album, Nine Track Mind, was released in January 2016, and was preceded by the singles “One Call Away” and “We Don’t Talk Anymore“, which peaked at number 12 and number 9 respectively on the US Billboard Hot 100.

In 2017, he released his new singles “Attention” and “How Long” from his upcoming album, Voicenotes. “Attention” peaked at number 5 on Billboard Hot 100.


The Chainsmokers is an American DJ and production duo consisting of Alex Pall and Andrew Taggart. The EDMpop duoachieved a breakthrough with their 2014 song “#Selfie“, which was a top twenty single in several countries. Their debut EP, Bouquet was released in October 2015 and featured the single “Roses“, which reached the top 10 on the US Billboard Hot 100. “Don’t Let Me Down” became their first top 5 single there and won the Grammy Award for Best Dance Recording at the 59th awards ceremony, while “Closer” became their first number-one single on the chart. They have also won two American Music Awards and five iHeartRadio Music Awards. The duo’s second EP Collage was released in November 2016, succeeded by the release of their debut studio album, Memories…Do Not Open, in April 2017.






The number of recognized classical dances range from eight to more, depending on the source and scholar. The Sangeet Natak Akademi recognizes eight – BharatanatyamKathakKuchipudiOdissiKathakaliSattriyaManipuri and Mohiniyattam Scholars such as Drid Williams add ChhauYakshagana and Bhagavata Mela to the list. The Culture Ministry of the Government of India includes Chhau in its classical list. These dances are traditionally regional, all of them include music and recitation in local language or Sanskrit, and they represent a unity of core ideas in a diversity of styles, costumes and expression. Indian classical dance is made from India and classical dance is played by various actors. But to teach classical dance to new people’s there are many much time required. Then new people’s can play classical dance in stage..


Image result for OUR INDIAN DANCES


Bharatanatyam or Bharathanatiyam  is a major genre of Indian classical dance that originated in Tamil Nadu.Traditionally, Bharatanatyam has been a solo dance that was performed exclusively by women, and expressed South Indian religious themes and spiritual ideas, particularly of Shaivism, but also of Vaishnavism and Shaktism.

Bharatanatyam’s theoretical foundations trace to the ancient Sanskrit text by Bharata MuniNatya Shastra, its existence by 2nd century CE is noted in the ancient Tamil epic Silappatikaram, while temple sculptures of 6th to 9th century CE suggest it was a well refined performance art by mid 1st millennium CE.

 Bharatanatyam may be the oldest classical dance tradition of India.

Bharatanatyam style is noted for its fixed upper torso, legs bent or knees flexed out combined with spectacular footwork, a sophisticated vocabulary of sign language based on gestures of hands, eyes and face muscles. The dance is accompanied by music and a singer, and typically her guru is present as the director and conductor of the performance and art. The dance has traditionally been a form of an interpretive narration of mythical legends and spiritual ideas from the Hindu texts  The performance repertoire of Bharatanatyam, like other classical dances, includes nrita (pure dance), nritya (solo expressive dance) and natya (group dramatic dance).

Bharatanatyam remained exclusive to Hindu temples through the 19th century, was banned by the colonial British government in  the Indian community protested against the ban and expanded it outside the temples in the 20th century. Modern stage productions of Bharatanatyam have incorporated technical performances, pure dance based on non-religious ideas and fusion themes.

‘Kathakali’, an important genre in the Indian classical dance form, is associated with storytelling form of this art. It is the dance drama from the south Indian state of Kerala. Similar to other Indian classical dance arts, the story in ‘Kathakali’ is also communicated to audience through excellent footwork and impressive gestures of face and hands complimented with music and vocal performance.

However it can be distinguished from the others through the intricate and vivid make-up, unique face masks and costumes worn by dancers as also from their style and movements that reflect the age-old martial arts and athletic conventions prevalent in Kerala and surrounding regions. Traditionally performed by male dancers, it developed in courts and theatres of Hindu regions contrary to other Indian classical dances which predominantly developed in Hindu temples and monastic schools. Although not clearly traceable, this classical dance form is considered to have originated from temple and folk arts that trace back to 1st millennium CE or before.

Kuchipudi, a pre-eminent Indian classical dance form counted among ten leading classical dance forms of India, is a dance-drama performance art that originated in a village of Krishna district of Andhra Pradesh, India. Similar to all leading Indian classical dance forms, Kuchipudi too evolved as a religious art rooting back to the age-old Hindu Sanskrit text ‘Natya Shastra’ and connects traditionally with temples, spiritual faiths and travelling bards. This ancient dance form finds place in the 10th century copper inscriptions and in 15th century texts like ‘Machupalli Kaifat’. Traditionally it is regarded that the sanyassin of Advaita Vedanta sect, Tirtha Narayana Yati, and his disciple Siddhendra Yogi initiated, methodized and arranged the present day version of the dance form in 17th century. Usually performance repertoire of Kuchipudi that is broadly oriented on Lord Krishna and the tradition of Vaishnavism include an invocation, dharavu – short dance, nritta – pure dance and nritya – expressive Image result for kuchipudidance respectively……   
There are more  dances of our culture……..

My Favourite Sports Person

My favourite sports person is SAINA 

  • She was born on 17 March 1990 in isar, aryana india
  • She is an Indian professional badminton  singles player.
  • Nehwal, the former world no. 1 has won over twenty three international titles, which include ten Superseries titles. Although she reached the world no.
  • Newal hahieved several milestones in bad for India. She is the only Indian thave won at least a medal in every BWF major individual event  namely the Olympi
  • The BF World Champions , and the BWF World Junior Championship






This breed is very light in weight it is 1 to 2 as an adult.

The Chihuahua, a companion dog of diminutive size, has been known as the Chihuahua Kortaar, the Smooth-coat Chihuahua, the Chihuahua Langhaar and the Longcoat Chihuahua. It also has been called the Mexican Dwarf Dog, the Ornament Dog, the Raza Fina and the Pillow Dog. Chihuahuas have a plucky, almost terrier-like temperament that serves as an effective alarm system. They are alert, bold, feisty little dogs with saucy expressions and playful dispositions. Chihuahuas are most famous for their tiny stature, which arguably makes them the perfect portable “purse dog” or “pocket pet.” They should not be underestimated because of its size. This is a highly intelligent and athletic breed. Chihuahuas that are not properly socialized can become snappy towards children and strangers, and their delicate structure requires special attention so that they are not injured by jumping off of high places or being hurt by rambunctious children. The Chihuahua was recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1904, as a member of the Toy Group. They are consistently ranked among the top ten in popularity of breeds recognized by the American Kennel Club.

Image result for images of chihuahua




See the source image

  • Decorating handwriting or handwritten lettering.
  • The art of producing decorative handwriting or handwritten lettering with a pen or brush

Calligraphy is a visual art related to writing. It is the design and execution of lettering with a broad tip instrument, brush, or other writing instruments. A contemporary calligraphic practice can be defined as “the art of giving form to signs in an expressive, harmonious, and skillful manner”.


Modern calligraphy ranges from functional inscriptions and designs to fine-art pieces where the letters may or may not be readable. Classical calligraphy differs from typography and non-classical hand-lettering, though a calligrapher may practice both.

Calligraphy continues flourishing in the forms of wedding invitations and event invitations, font design and typography, original hand-lettered logo design, religious art, announcements, graphic design and commissioned calligraphic art, cut stone inscriptions, and memorial documents. It is also used for props and moving images for film and television, testimonials, birth and death certificates, maps, and other written works.

A different type of pen known as calligraphy pen is needed to write calligraphy

See the source image

See the source image

The calligraphy writing can be written in many languages. It is a beautiful type of writing, as is has a different special writing pen.

See the source image







                                    WAYS TO CONSERVE WATER


Why do we need to save water?


Image result for ways to save water

  • 97.5% of the world’s water is locked in seas and oceans, too salty for human use. And most of the remaining 2.5% is in the ice caps.
  • So we humans depend on the tiny bit available as fresh water – an essential natural resources for life.
  • But we don’t just use water for drinking. We wash in it, clean with it, and use it to produce everything from clothing to food. Fresh water supplies are being used faster than ever for crop production – including feed for livestock and biofuels.

 Ways to save water:-

1    Turn off the taps

Image result for ways to save water

Image result for ways to save water

  • Don’t let your water consumption run out of control. Save 6 litres of water a minute by turning off your tap while you brush your teeth.
  •  Fix leaky taps too – and stop what could be 60 litres of water going straight down the drain every week.

2     Boil what you need

  • Save water, money and energy by only boiling as many cups of water as you need.

  3    Shower with less

  • Every minute you spend in a power shower uses up to 17 litres of water
  •  Set a timer on your phone to keep your showers short, sweet and water-saving.
  • Switching to an efficient shower head will allow you to lather up in less water, which means you’ll save water and cut your bills.

4     Save up your dirty clothes

  • Washing a full machine load of clothes uses less water and energy than 2 half-loads.
  • This means lower bills as well.

 5        Reduce food waste

  • It takes a lot of water to produce our cereal, fruit and other food.
  • More than half of the 7 million tonnes of food and drink UK households bin every year could be eaten.
  •  wasting less food  could save you rs.480 a year.
  • Get some handy advice from love food hate waste , or get inspired by these high tech solutions to food waste  from around the world.

6      Catch rainwater

  • Installing water butts saves up to 5,000 litres of water a year.
  • And your plants will thank you for rainwater rather than treated tap water.
  • You can also cut water use by 33% by watering plants manually instead of using automatic sprinklers.

7      Be plumbing prepared

  • Regularly check your kitchen pipes and the dishwasher hose for slow leaks.
  • Find out where your household stop valve is and make sure that you can turn it on and off.
  • You’ll thank us if you ever have a burst pipe – because you’ll be able to cut off the flow before it floods the house.
  • Find a contact number for your water supplier so that if you find a leak you can let them know and stop water being wasted.

 8     Do not fund the water grabbers

  • Some companies and investors that buy up land around the world contribute to water scarcity and pollution.
  • They sometimes deny local people access to water, pollute watercourses or exhaust supplies.
  • This can affect the ability of local communities to farm and access safe drinking water.this is known as water grabbing.

9     The government can take action too

  • Around the world, governments can also help to save fresh water and prevent water pollution by:
    • measuring water use and setting targets to reduce it.
    • obliging large companies to measure and manage the amount of resources they use.
    • encouraging lower water diets.

Image result for ways to save water

Related image




Block diagram

block diagram is a diagram of a system in which the principal parts or functions are represented by blocks connected by lines that show the relationships of the blocks. They are heavily used in engineering in hardware design, electronic design, software design, and process flow diagrams.

Block diagrams are typically used for higher level, less detailed descriptions that are intended to clarify overall concepts without concern for the details of implementation. Contrast this with the schematic diagrams and layout diagrams used in electrical engineering, which show the implementation details of electrical components and physical construction.


As an example, a block diagram of a radio is not expected to show each and every connection and dial and switch, but the schematic diagram is. The schematic diagram of a radio does not show the width of each connection in the printed circuit board, but the layout diagram does.

To make an analogy to the map making world, a block diagram is similar to a highway map of an entire nation. The major cities (functions) are listed but the minor county roads and city streets are not. When troubleshooting, this high level map is useful in narrowing down and isolating where a problem or fault is.

Block diagrams rely on the principle of the black box where the contents are hidden from view either to avoid being distracted by the details or because the details are not known. We know what goes in, we know what goes out, but we can’t see how the box does its work.

In electrical engineering, a design will often begin as a very high level block diagram, becoming more and more detailed block diagrams as the design progresses, finally ending in block diagrams detailed enough that each individual block can be easily implemented (at which point the block diagram is also a schematic diagram). This is known as top down design. Geometric shapes are often used in the diagram to aid interpretation and clarify meaning of the process or model. The geometric shapes are connected by lines to indicate association and direction/order of traversal. Each engineering discipline has their own meaning for each shape. Block diagrams are used in every discipline of engineering. They are also a valuable source of concept building and educationally beneficial in non-engineering disciplines.


exam tips

 Image result for exam tips

15 Tips for Succeeding on the Day of the Exam:

Exam Tip #1

Wake up early so that you do not need to rush through having breakfast and getting ready.

Exam Tip #2

Check the venue and time of the exam to make sure that you have not confused the day/time/venue.

Exam Tip #3

Have a balanced breakfast and eat nothing risky (probably not the best day to have a super-hot curry!). Bananas are always a good option.

Image result for exam tips



Related image


Exam Tip #4

Before leaving home, check that you have everything that you will need – ID, stationery, map to the exam venue, etc.

Exam Tip #5

Head to the exam with plenty of time. A lot of unexpected events can happen on your way there and you do not want to be late!

Exam Tip #6

If there are people around who are panicking, avoid them. They are not doing you any favour!

Exam Tip #7

Go to the toilet before the exam starts. Exams can be quite long and there is no time to waste.



Related image

Exam Tip #8

Remember to write your name on the exam paper. You would not believe how many people have forgotten to do it!

Exam Tip #9

Read all the questions carefully before starting and quickly plan how much time to allocate to each.

Exam Tip #10

Start answering the questions that you feel most confident about. There is no need to answer the questions in order.

Exam Tip #11

If your brain freezes, just start writing anything and you will soon start remembering more details.



Image result for exam tips


Exam Tip #12

Don’t spend more time than you planned on a particular section/question or you might run out of time to answer other questions and gain those extra marks! Also,  leave any questions that you are unsure about for the end.

Exam Tip #13

Don’t be afraid to ask the examiner if you are not clear on a question.

Exam Tip #14

Use every minute of the exam and if you have time left, review your answers before handing back the paper.

Exam Tip #15

Stay calm, you have done your homework and have nothing to fear!

Related image



Image result for exam tips


Image result for exam tips


Image result for exam tips