Friendship is a relationship of mutual affection between people. Friendship is a stronger form of interpersonal bond than an association. Friendship has been studied in academic fields such as communication, sociology,social psychology, anthropology, and philosophy. Various academic theories of friendship have been proposed, including social exchange theory, equity theory, relational dialectics, and attachment styles.
Although there are many forms of friendship, some of which may vary from place to place, certain characteristics are present in many types of such bonds. Such characteristics include affection; kindness, love, virtue, sympathy, empathy, honesty, altruism, loyalty, mutual understanding and compassion, enjoyment of each other’s company, trust, and the ability to be oneself, express one’s feelings to others, and make mistakes without fear of judgment from the friend.
The understanding of friendship in children tends to be more heavily focused on areas such as common activities, physical proximity, and shared expectations. These friendships provide opportunity for playing and practicing self-regulation. Most children tend to describe friendship in terms of things like sharing, and children are more likely to share with someone they consider to be a friend. As children mature, they become less individualized and are more aware of others. They gain the ability to empathize with their friends, and enjoy playing in groups. They also experience peer rejection as they move through the middle childhood years. Establishing good friendships at a young age helps a child to be better acclimated in society later on in their life.
‘ FRIENDS COME AND GO LIKE THE WAVES OF THE OCEAN ,
THE BEST DAY OF MY LIFE was at the first Sunday of August and we all know that we have FRIENDSHIP DAY on the first sunday of august . On Saturday , we 4 Friends – Anushka (Anu) , Simran (Simu) , Hashmita (Asam) , I Suparna (Supu) had decided that we will have a beautiful treat on Friendship Day . We had decided to come at 9 : 30 sharp and fill the hands of all our other friends with beautiful friendship bands and eat many chocolates .
I was so excited that I hardly even slept . But then I managed to get up at 8 : 30 am and hurried up . I went down to join my other friends then we joked , chattered , laughed and enjoyed our day . We ate many chocolates like Cadbury Silk Oreo , Bubbly , Cadbury Crackle , Cadbury Silk , Cadbury Fuse . We left from home at 12 : 30 pm for our treat and went to Dominos and had the delicious Farmhouse over there . Then we went to Belgian Waffle and had the beautiful Belgian Chocolate over there . Then we went to Nariman Point and clicked many photos over there .
After our treat , At evening we all friends planned to go to McDonald’s , we had ordered dozen of things like 12 McAloo Tikki , 3 Mexican Cheesy , 10 Mc Puff , 4 Coca Cola and 3 Sprite . Then we went at our V I P HOUSE and had fun chattering there .
Enid Mary Blyton (11 August 1897 – 28 November 1968) was an English children’s writer whose books have been among the world’s best-sellers since the 1930s, selling more than 600 million copies. Blyton’s books are still enormously popular, and have been translated into 90 languages; her first book, Child Whisper, a 24-page collection of poems, was published in 1922. She wrote on a wide range of topics including education, natural history, fantasy, mystery, and biblical narratives and is best remembered today for her Noddy, Famous Five, and Secret Seven series.
Following the commercial success of her early novels such as Adventures of the Wishing – Chair (1937) and The Enchanted Wood (1939), Blyton went on to build a literary empire, sometimes producing fifty books a year in addition to her prolific magazine and newspaper contributions. Her writing was unplanned and sprang largely from her unconscious mind; she typed her stories as events unfolded before her. The sheer volume of her work and the speed with which it was produced led to rumours that Blyton employed an army of ghost writers, a charge she vigorously denied.
Blyton’s work became increasingly controversial among literary critics, teachers and parents from the 1950s onwards, because of the alleged unchallenging nature of her writing and the themes of her books, particularly the Noddy series. Some libraries and schools banned her works, which the BBC had refused to broadcast from the 1930s until the 1950s because they were perceived to lack literary merit. Her books have been criticised as being elitist, sexist, racist, xenophobic and at odds with the more liberal environment emerging in post-war Britain, but they have continued to be best-sellers since her death in 1968.
Blyton felt she had a responsibility to provide her readers with a strong moral framework, so she encouraged them to support worthy causes. In particular, through the clubs she set up or supported, she encouraged and organised them to raise funds for animal and paediatric charities. The story of Blyton’s life was dramatised in a BBC film entitled Enid, featuring Helena Bonham Carter in the title role and first broadcast in the United Kingdom on BBC Four in 2009. There have also been several adaptations of her books for stage, screen and television.
Higher rents, cuts to council services and migration from eastern Europe have contributed to a sharp increase in the number of homeless people on the streets of the capital
It was an emblem of homelessness and poverty that looked like it had gone away, but over the past five years the number of rough sleepers across England has doubled. There are an estimated 3,600 people sleeping on the streets nightly, and the resurgence of this problem has dismayed campaigners who hoped it was close to being eliminated.Life of homeless people is always very hard.
In the south part of central London, near Elephant and Castle, at about 7.30am, eight men are sleeping at the bottom of a block of flats. The grass is crunchy with frost as two outreach workers from the local homelessness charity St Mungo’s make their way to check the men are all right. Teenagers in school uniform come out of the flats and walk past the motionless bodies without giving them a second glance; over the last few months they have become a regular fixture.
It doesn’t look a very comfortable spot – there are cobbles, and a stream of water running from a drain – but the only person awake, Stephen, a 59-year-old Londoner who has been living here for two months, explains that the building does at least offer some shelter from the rain, and the relative security that comes with numbers.
Since he arrived, he has observed more and more people sleeping rough in the area, particularly more younger people with psychiatric problems. Government figures released last month showed that the number of people sleeping rough in England on any one night had doubled since 2010, and increased by 30% in the last year, to around 3,600; the question, though, is why this has re-emerged as a social problem. Is it a consequence of cuts in welfare, changes in migration, or a combination of the two?
As for Stephen, he has been struggling with anxiety and depression, and ended up here after cuts to available housing benefit meant he was rehoused 20 miles outside of London, in an area where he knew no one, in a shared room in a shared house. He returned to sleep rough in familiar areas of London despite being aware that there was now little prospect of being housed anywhere in the capital.
“I’m a survivor, but it is high-risk and uncomfortable. Every day is a struggle,” he says. “People treat us like we’re invisible. They see us, but they don’t see us. They walk past, like sheep, their faces in their laptops, in their phones
Homelessness charities believe the 3,600 figure to be a significant underestimate, with women, for example, often uncounted because they rarely sleep openly on the streets during the night as it is so dangerous. But whatever the precise figures, it is obvious to everyone that rough sleepers have returned to central London in great numbers.
While there has been no resurgence of cardboard cities, the huge communities of homeless people living in boxes that sprang up in the 1980s, most high streets in the capital now have people sleeping nightly in shop doorways. The theatres of the West End, with spacious entrances that offer good shelter, have two or three people bedding down on their steps once the audiences have gone home.
Even hardened outreach workers like Eammon Egerton, who has been helping rough sleepers for 14 years, feel shocked by what they have seen in the past 12 months: people sleeping in green council recycling bins, in cars, beneath vans, in tents in underground car parks. Last month he and colleagues were delighted to discover that a young man who had been rough sleeping in a damp council dustbin shed, in a tiny alcove beneath a stinking rubbish chute that clanked all night with the noise of litter being discarded from nine floors above, and which was infested with fleas, had found somewhere new to live.
Someone had given him a tent, which he had installed in a drier and slightly larger dustbin shed. “We felt such relief when we saw where he had moved to,” Egerton says, gloomily reflecting on how dismal things are generally for such a miserable outcome to have triggered so much happiness.
Across the country, the cause of the steep rise in rough sleeping appears to be the combined impact of rising rents, cuts to housing benefit allowances and reductions in services that local authorities used to offer vulnerable people on the brink of homelessness. Reduced availability of mental health support services, because of cuts to local government budgets, is behind a rise in people sleeping rough who have mental health problems; 40% of rough sleepers have some kind of health issues, according to a St Mungo’s report.
Cuts to homelessness prevention projects began in the wake of the financial crisis of 2008, and on average local authority funding for services helping vulnerable people avoid homelessness (often called Supporting People services) was cut by 45% between 2009/10 and 2014/15. Migration from eastern Europe has also helped to drive the rise in numbers, particularly in London.They go through many diseases too.
Rough sleeping is the kind of homelessness that people can see, easily understand and be horrified by, because is it more visible and much simpler than the much bigger, more complex homelessness picture, of people being shuttled between emergency hostels, expensive temporary accommodation, and bed and breakfasts, or dealing with rent rises by moving to overcrowded shared housing. Street sleeping is just the most extreme illustration of a broader homelessness problem that last year saw a 46% rise in the number of homeless families living in bed and breakfasts, and record number of tenants being evicted from their homes by bailiffs.
For Egerton and his colleague Nana Choak, this morning’s shift begins in a side street behind Waterloo, where two men are sleeping outside a Travelodge hotel. Cosy hotel room windows are visible just above the doorways where they are sheltering in unusually harsh March temperatures. The outreach workers spend some time trying to rouse a man asleep beneath a thin sleeping bag, curled up on an abandoned brown plastic sofa in a doorway. To begin with he doesn’t respond, but after a while he sits up to reveal a face blackened with bruises, one eye swollen shut. He looks like he has been badly beaten, but he says he has been hit by a bus and his leg is painful. It’s hard to have a detailed conversation because neither outreach worker speaks Lithuanian, but they register his name and make an appointment for him to come to a homelessness drop-in centre to have his injuries looked at.
In the next doorway, 10 steps away, a Romanian man is also injured, recovering from a painful hernia caused by a week’s heavy lifting he did recently at a port, unloading packages from a shipping container. He was employed by someone who stopped his van beside the spot where he was sleeping rough in London and offered £15 a day for the work. He never found out the name of the port or his employer; his injury has prevented him from seeking new work. Because neither of the men are currently eligible for houses or any benefits, there is a limited amount that outreach workers can do to help them find more secure accommodation; instead they can monitor their welfare and discuss with them the possibility of being given a coach ticket home.
Many of the Romanians and other eastern Europeans the outreach workers encounter are working but not earning enough to afford a deposit or to pay rent. A couple of the men sleeping by an underpass near the station have been employed by an agency, subcontracted to the council, to clean the streets during the night, returning to sleep on the (newly cleaned) pavement for a few hours before they are woken by police and moved on in the morning. Others are working as baristas, in restaurants or in carwash outlets. St Mungo’s staff often see their homeless clients waiting outside B&Q on the Old Kent Road in the early morning, hoping to be picked up by a builder for a day’s cheap labour.
In London, non-UK citizens make up 56.7% of the total rough sleeping population, with Romanians accounting for 18%. The Polish rough sleeping population has declined as the Polish economy has improved. But this high proportion of migrant rough sleepers reflects the fact that they are not eligible for any state-funded hostel accommodation, and so are likely to be visible on the streets for longer than UK nationals who can be moved into hostels more swiftly.
“People from Romania come here, think it is going to be a perfect life. I think they get a shock,” Stephen says. He isn’t able to talk to most of the others sleeping around the edges of the block of flats because of the language barrier. “We just say hello politely and nod and wave,” he says, but they keep an eye out for each other’s belongings. “I’ll share an extra sleeping bag with someone who has nothing. You can’t have them freezing their arse off, after a day walking. We’re not all drunks and alcoholics and people with poisoned minds here.”
He thinks London has become more hostile towards rough sleepers. For the past two nights he has been sleeping well on a discarded mattress, but he knows it will be removed soon. “They cut down the hedges so we can’t hide our things behind them. You don’t know if your belongings will still be here when you get back. They throw away your cardboard boxes. I spend 15 hours a day walking about, carrying my stuff, seven days a week. I get up at 7, and then I’m just walking.”
Across the country, more councils are working on introducing public space protection orders (PSPOs), making rough sleeping and loitering illegal. He says he will be watching what comes out of the budget next week, but with little expectation of help. He is not upbeat about the future. “There will be nothing in the budget for cutting the homeless,” he says. “I’ve got no plans for retirement. My retirement will be when I drop dead somewhere.”
The dramatic reversal of progress in this area has left campaigners despondent, because in the first decade of the 21st century many felt there was a genuine prospect of eliminating rough sleeping entirely. Colin Glover, chief executive of The Connection at St Martin’s, a huge centre for the homeless on Trafalgar Square, says he and colleagues had given much thought to new uses for the space once all the rough sleepers had been comfortably housed, contemplating making it into a college for the ex-homeless. It isn’t a problem that bothers staff now.
“For a while, there was a real sense of achievement, a feeling that we could make a difference,” he says, but the latest figures have depressed them. “A generation of people like me who went into this sector and are now reaching the end of their careers are thinking: ‘What have we achieved?’”
Ashleigh, 30, an experienced chef who lost his job in January after a row with his manager (probably triggered, he says, by his drug use) is currently sleeping outside theatre foyers, sometimes in Drury Lane, sometimes in St Martin’s Lane, usually near to a 56-year-old long-term rough sleeper who is kind to him. “It is quite scary to be on your own. I have known people who have had their sleeping bags set on fire. There is always that worry in your mind,” he says. “The majority of people are nice, but people do take advantage. They can throw stuff or be verbally abusive, shouting: ‘Why aren’t you getting a job. You are worthless. Why are you on the streets?’”
He is trying to get back to work and has been offered a job trial in a pub in south London. “I’m going to see if I can work and sleep rough for the first month, to get some money for a deposit. The difficulty is washing clothes,” he says. He too is aware of a growing community of rough sleepers, which he attributes to “more people not being able to afford the rent rises. The cost of living; people like me who do it because of drugs.” He is depressed by the rising numbers and hates sleeping rough. “I wouldn’t wish it on anyone.”
Born and raised in Delhi, Kohli represented the city’s cricket team at various age-group levels before making his first-class debut in 2006. He captained India Under-19sto victory at the 2008 Under-19 World Cup in Malaysia, and a few months later, made his ODI debut for India against Sri Lanka at the age of 19. Initially having played as a reserve batsman in the Indian team, he soon established himself as a regular in the ODI middle-order and was part of the squad that won the 2011 World Cup. He made his Test debut in 2011 and shrugged off the tag of “ODI specialist” by 2013 with Test hundreds in Australia and South Africa. Having reached the number one spot in the ICC rankings for ODI batsmen for the first time in 2013, Kohli also found success in the Twenty20 format, winning the Man of the Tournament twice at the ICC World Twenty20 (in 2014 and 2016). In 2014, he became the top-ranked T20I batsman in the ICC rankings and holds the position, as of December 2017.Since October 2017, he has also been the top-ranked ODI batsman in the world.
ohli was appointed vice-captain of the ODI team in 2012 and handed over the Test captaincy following Mahendra Singh Dhoni‘s Test retirement in 2014. In early 2017, he became the limited-overs captain as well after Dhoni stepped down from the position. In ODIs, Kohli has the second highest number of centuries and the highest number of centuries in run-chases in the world. Kohli holds numerous Indian batting records including the fastest ODI century, the fastest batsman to 5,000 ODI runs and the fastest to 10 ODI centuries. He is only the second batsman in the world to have scored 1,000 or more ODI runs for four consecutive calendar years.Among the T20I world records held by Kohli are: the fastest batsman to 1,000 runs, most runs in a calendar year and most fifties in the format. He also holds the records of most runs in a single tournament of both the World Twenty20 and the IPL. He also has the highest historic rating points for an Indian batsman in ODIs (889 points) and T20Is (897 points) in ICC rankings.
Kohli has been the recipient of many awards such as the ICC ODI Player of the Year in 2012 and 2017, and the BCCI’s international cricketer of the year for the 2011–12 and 2014–15 seasons. In 2013, he was given the Arjuna Award in recognition of his achievements in international cricket. The Padma Shri was conferred upon him in 2017 under the sports category.Alongside his cricket career, Kohli co-owns FC Goa in the ISL, the IPTL franchise UAE Royals and the PWL team Bengaluru Yodhas. He also has other business ventures and over 20 brand endorsements; his brand value in 2016 was estimated to be US$92 million, placing him second on the list of India’s most valued celebrity brands.
Virat Kohli was born on 5 November 1988 in Delhi into a Punjabi family. His father, Prem Kohli, worked as a criminal lawyer and his mother, Saroj Kohli, is a housewife. He has an elder brother, Vikash, and an elder sister, Bhavna. According to his family, when he was three-years old, Kohli would pick up a cricket bat, start swinging it and ask his father to bowl at him.
Kohli was raised in Uttam Nagar and started his schooling at Vishal Bharti Public School. In 1998, the West Delhi Cricket Academy was created, and Kohli, a nine-year-old, was part of its first intake. Kohli’s father took him to the academy after their neighbours suggested that “Virat shouldn’t waste his time in gully cricket and instead join a professional club”. Kohli trained at the academy under Rajkumar Sharma and also played matches at the Sumeet Dogra Academy at Vasundhara Enclave at the same time.Sharma recounts Kohli’s early days at his academy, “He oozed talent. It was so difficult to keep him quiet. He was a natural in whatever he did and I was most impressed with his attitude. He was ready to bat at any spot, and I had to literally push him home after the training sessions. He just wouldn’t leave.” In ninth grade, he shifted to Saviour Convent in Paschim Vihar to help his cricket practice.Apart from sports, Kohli was good at academics as well, and his teachers remember him as “a bright and alert child”. Kohli’s family lived in Meera Baghuntil 2015 when they moved to Gurgaon.
Kohli’s father died on 18 December 2006 due to a after being bed-ridden for a month.Regarding his early life, Kohli has said in an interview, “I’ve seen a lot in life. Losing my father at a young age, the family business not doing too well, staying in a rented place. There were tough times for the family… It’s all embedded in my memory.” According to Kohli, his father supported his cricket training during his childhood, “My father was my biggest support. He was the one who drove me to practice every day. I miss his presence sometimes.”
JUNIOR EINSTEIN COMPETITION was held on 20-01-2018 (Saturday) in Orchids The International School Palagully, Masjid from 10 am to 12 am. In this competition we had to make projects that were useful in our daily life. I made a WATER PURIFIER .
In 2012, Dhawan made his acting debut with Johar’s romantic comedy Student of the Year alongside Sidharth Malhotra and Alia Bhatt. He was confident as Rohan Nanda, the teenage son of a rich businessman, who competes with his girlfriend (played by Bhatt) and best friend (played by Malhotra) to win an annual school championship. Film critic Taran Adarsh from Bollywood Hungama found Dhawan to be “a talent one can’t help but marvel at” and CNN-IBN‘s Rajeev Masand added: “It’s Varun Dhawan who stands out with a confident, charming turn, able to tackle both comical and vulnerable scenes with ease”.Student of the Year was a success, grossing ₹970 million (US$15 million) worldwide.
Varun Dhawan then played Rakesh “Humpty Sharma”, a flirtatious Punjabi boy who engages in a romantic affair with an engaged woman, in the romantic comedy Humpty Sharma Ki Dulhania. Co-starring Alia Bhatt and Siddharth Shukla, the film was described as a tribute to Dilwale Dulhania Le Jayenge (1995) by Johar, who served as producer. Rohit Khilnani of India Today praised Dhawan’s screen presence, and Nandini Ramnath of Mint noted how much he stood out in the “few quieter scenes” of the film.Humpty Sharma Ki Dulhania emerged as one of top-grossing productions of the year, earning ₹1.11 billion (US$17 million) worldwide.
COMMERCIAL SUCCESS (2015 – present)
nThe crime thriller Badlapur (2015) from director Sriram Raghavan saw Dhawan play a man who over the course of 15 years avenges the of his wife and son. Portraying the character was a “terrifying” experience for Dhawan, who “slipped into depression as after a point it no longer felt like I was acting in a film”. Raja Sen of Rediff.com praised Dhawan’s acting range, writing that he “sheds his easy-breezy charm — but, crucially, not his slightly hapless natural likeability — and bubbles up volcanically, his eyes frequently doing the talking.” He received a Filmfare Award for Best Actor nomination for his performance.
Dhawan next starred opposite Shraddha Kapoor in a sequel to the dance film ABCD: Any Body Can Dance, entitled ABCD 2, in which he portrays the real life character of Suresh Mukund, a dancer from Mumbai who wins the 2012 World Hip Hop Dance Championship.Critic Shilpa Jamkhandikar of Reuters criticised the film, finding Dhawan to be the only asset of the film, writing that “except for the honest note he strikes, the rest of the film could have been just a bunch of music videos”.ABCD 2 earned ₹1.57 billion (US$25 million) worldwide; the film’s commercial performance led Box Office India to consider it an emergence of Dhawan’s star power. His final appearance that year was in Rohit Shetty‘s ensemble action drama Dilwale, co-starring Shah Rukh Khan, Kajol and Kriti Sanon, in which he played the younger sibling of Khan’s character.Despite negative reviews from critics, the film was a major commercial success and rank among the highest-grossing Bollywood films of all time.
Dhawan next starred in the action drama Dishoom (2016), directed by his brother Rohit, alongside John Abraham and Jacqueline Fernandez. Despite mixed reviews from the critics, the film turned out to be a commercial success. Following which he reunited with Khaitan and Bhatt for the romantic comedy Badrinath Ki Dulhania (2017), which served as the second installment of Dulhania franchise that began with Humpty Sharma Ki Dulhania. The film as well as Dhawan’s performance was particularly praised and he received his second Filmfare Award for Best Actor nomination. Shubhra Gupta from The Indian Express wrote that Dhawan “impresses as a boy-struggling-to-be-a-man”. In addition, Tushar Joshi of Daily News and Analysis noted that “Varun Dhawan and Alia Bhatt prove that on screen chemistry can be enough sometimes to keep you engaged in an average plot with a predictable narrative”. Later in 2017, he starred in his father, David Dhawan’s comedy film Judwaa 2, a reboot of David’s 1997 comedy film Judwaa, alongside Jacqueline Fernandez and Tapsee Pannu.
Ronaldo was born in São Pedro, Funchal, and grew up in the Funchal parish of Santo António, as the youngest child of Maria Dolores dos Santos Aveiro, a cook, and José Dinis Aveiro, a municipal gardener and a part-time kit man.His second given name, “Ronaldo”, was chosen after then-U.S. president Ronald Reagan. He has one older brother, Hugo, and two older sisters, Elma and Liliana Cátia. His great-grandmother on his father’s side, Isabel da Piedade, was from São Vicente, Cape Verde. Ronaldo grew up in a Catholic and impoverished home, sharing a room with his brother and sisters.
As a child, Ronaldo played for amateur team Andorinha from 1992 to 1995, where his father was the kit man, and later spent two years with Nacional. In 1997, aged 12, he went on a three-day trial with Sporting CP, who signed him for a fee of £1,500. He subsequently moved from Madeira to Alcochete, near Lisbon, to join Sporting’s other youth players at the club’s football academy.By age 14, Ronaldo believed he had the ability to play semi-professionally, and agreed with his mother to cease his education in order to focus entirely on football. While popular with other students at school, he had been expelled after throwing a chair at his teacher, who he said had “disrespected” him. However, one year later, he was diagnosed with a racing heart, a condition that could have forced him to give up playing football. He underwent an operation in which a laser was used to cauterise the affected area of his heart; discharged from hospital hours after the procedure, he resumed training only a few days later.
At age 16, Ronaldo was promoted from Sporting’s youth team by first-team manager László Bölöni, who was impressed with his dribbling.He subsequently became the first player to play for the club’s under-16, under-17 and under-18 teams, the B team, and the first team, all within one season.A year later, on 7 October 2002, Ronaldo made his debut in the Primeira Liga, against Moreirense, and scored two goals in their 3–0 win. Over the course of the 2002–03 season, his representatives suggested the player to Liverpool manager Gérard Houllier and Barcelona president Joan Laporta. Manager Arsène Wenger, who was interested in signing the winger, met with him at Arsenal‘s grounds in November to discuss a possible transfer.
Ronaldo came to the attention of Manchester United manager Alex Ferguson in August 2003, when Sporting defeated United 3–1 at the inauguration of the Estádio José Alvalade in Lisbon. His performance impressed the Manchester United players, who urged Ferguson to sign him. Ferguson himself considered the 18-year-old “one of the most exciting young players” he had ever seen. A decade after his departure from the club, in April 2013, Sporting honoured Ronaldo by selecting him to become their 100,000th member.
Outside entertainment, Gomez released her own clothing line through Kmartin 2010 and a self-titled fragrance in 2013. In 2017, she released a limited-edition collection of handbags called the “Selena Grace” that she designed in collaboration with luxury brand Coach, Inc. She has worked with various charitable organizations for years and became a UNICEF ambassador at the age of seventeen.
Selena Marie Gomez was born in Grand Prairie, Texas on July 22, 1992, to Ricardo Joel Gomez and former stage actress Amanda Dawn “Mandy” Cornett. Gomez was named after Tejano singer and actress Selena Quintanilla-Pérez, who died in 1995. Her father is of Mexican descent while her mother, who was adopted, has some Italian ancestry.Regarding her Hispanic heritage, Gomez has stated, “My family does have Quinceañeras, and we go to the communion church. We do everything that’s Catholic, but we don’t really have anything traditional except [that we] go to the park and have barbecues on Sundays after church.” Gomez’s parents divorced when she was five years old, and she remained with her mother.Selena has two siblings: Gracie Elliot Teefey was born to Amanda and her second husband Brian Teefey on June 12, 2013; and Victoria “Tori” Gomez was born to Ricardo and his wife Sara Gomez on June 25, 2014.She earned her high-school diploma through homeschooling in May 2010.
When Selena Gomez was born, her mother was sixteen years old. The family had financial troubles during Selena’s childhood, with her mother struggling to provide for the pair. At one point, Selena recalled, they had to search for quarters just to get gas for their car. Her mother later recalled that the two would frequently walk to their local dollar store to purchase spaghetti for dinner. Selena stated, “I was frustrated that my parents weren’t together, and never saw the light at the end of the tunnel where my mom was working hard to provide a better life for me. I’m terrified of what I would have become if I’d stayed [in Texas].”She later added that “[My mom] was really strong around me. Having me at 16 had to have been a big responsibility. She gave up everything for me, had three jobs, supported me, sacrificed her life for me.” Selena had a close relationship with her grandparents as a child, and appeared in various pageants growing up.Her grandparents often took care of her while her parents finished their schooling, and the pair went as far as stating that they “raised her” up until she found success in the entertainment industry.
Selena first gained an interest in pursuing a career in the entertainment industry watching her mother prepare for stage productions. She began auditioning for various roles, meeting Demi Lovato during an audition for Barney & Friends. Both Gomez and Lovato were later selected to appear on the series in 2002, with Gomez portraying the character of Gianna. The show was her first experience in acting, with Gomez recalling, “I was very shy when I was little […] I didn’t know what ‘camera right’ was. I didn’t know what blocking was. I learned everything from Barney.”Selena Gomez appeared in fourteen episodes of the show between 2002 and 2004, though the show’s producers released her as she was getting “too old” for the series. While working on the series, Gomez had a cameo role in the film Spy Kids 3-D: Game Over (2003) and the made-for-television film Walker, Texas Ranger: Trial by Fire (2005). Gomez made a guest appearance in a 2006 episode of the Disney series The Suite Life of Zack & Cody.
2007 – 2012 : BREAKTHROUGH WITH DISNEY AND SELENA GOMEZ & THE SCENE
Selena Gomez was given a recurring role on the popular Disney Channel series Hannah Montana in 2007, portraying pop star Mikayla. During this time, Gomez filmed pilot episodes for two potential Disney Channel series; the first, titled Arwin!, a spin-off of the Suite Life series, while the second was a spin-off of the series Lizzie McGuire. She later auditioned for a role in the Disney series Wizards of Waverly Place, ultimately winning the lead role of Alex Russo. Upon receiving the role, Gomez and her mother moved to Hollywood, Los Angeles, California; Lovato and her family also moved to Hollywood, hoping to achieve similar success to Gomez.Wizards of Waverly Place saw Gomez portraying a teenage girl in a family of wizards who own a restaurant in New York. The series quickly became a hit for the network, propelling Gomez to more mainstream success. The series received numerous nominations and awards. Gomez recorded the theme song for the series, titled “Everything is Not What It Seems.” Gomez later appeared in the music video for the song “Burnin’ Up“, which the Jonas Brothers had recorded and released,and later, she also appeared in an episode of the reality series Jonas Brothers: Living the Dream.
While working on the second season of Wizards of Waverly Place, Gomez appeared on the Disney Channel special Studio DC: Almost Live alongside various other Disney stars.She contributed a cover of the song “Cruella de Vil” to the compilation album DisneyMania 6, and later recorded the original song “Fly to Your Heart” for the soundtrack of the animated film Tinker Bell. She had a leading role as an aspiring dancer in the musical film Another Cinderella Story that year. The film was released to generally positive reviews, and won the 2010 Writers Guild of America Award for Children’s script-long form or special. Gomez recorded three songs for the soundtrack, and released one of them, “Tell Me Something I Don’t Know“, as a promotional single. Later that year, Gomez had the supporting role of Helga in the animated film Horton Hears a Who! The film was a commercial success, and went on to gross nearly $300 million worldwide.
At 16 years of age, Gomez was signed to a recording contract with the Hollywood Records label, which had already signed both Cyrus and Lovato. Gomez formed her own production company in 2008, which she called July Moon Productions. She partnered with XYZ Films for the project, giving Gomez the opportunity to option articles, hire writers and create talent packages to shop to studios. Gomez was slated to release two films under the company. The first, titled What Boys Want, with Gomez as a girl who could hear the thoughts of men. She later announced a film adaptation of the novel Thirteen Reasons Why, in which she was to play a young girl who commits suicide; ultimately, neither film was released,though Gomez would later executive produce a television adaptation of Thirteen Reasons Why.